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Shopsteward Volume 27: Special Bulletin

COSATU Media Monitor COSATU Media Monitor COSATU Media Monitor


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National Congress  |  Resolutions


1.1 Alliance

1.2 Socialism

1.3 Re-galvanise MDM for Transformation


1.5 Local Government

1.6 Crime and Violence

1.7 Members of Parliament

1.1 Alliance

    1. Despite progress in delivery and democratisation since the 1994 ANC election victory, the basic needs of our people still have to be met.
    2. The ANC-led government of National unity has adopted a macro-economic policy which is hostile to a working class political programme.
    3. The Tripartite-Partite Alliance has failed to function as an effective political centre for transformation.
    4. That the approach of the ANC in government has been to operate as a neutral referee between the two major social forces in our society, Capital & Labour
    1. The demand for transformation requires that the ANC being the party most widely representative of progressive forces amongst the majority of workers and poor must remain the majority party in Government.


    2. The ANC government policy particularly GEAR is nonetheless hostile to the needs of our people.


    3. That a socialist society remains the only guarantee of true democracy and the delivery of basic needs.


    4. That Government should not be a referee but be biased toward the needs and interests of the majority, who are the working class and poor.


    5. That the Reconstruction and Development Programme remains the best plan available for the sustainable delivery of basic needs and the fundamental transformation of society on the road to socialism


    6. That the Tripartite Alliance in the short-term remains the only effective vehicle to hold the ANC government accountable to its constituency.


    1. That COSATU confirms its commitment to the struggle for a socialist society


    2. That the Reconstruction and Development Programme remains the platform for struggle and implementation in the short-term on the road towards true transformation and socialism


    3. That COSATU and its affiliates will engage at all levels of the tripartite-partite alliance and with government in a struggle to abandon the policy of GEAR, and for the implementation of the RDP.


    4. That the tripartite-partite alliance should remain in place and be strengthened in the run-up to the 1999 elections.


    5. That COSATU and its affiliates will provide financial and human resources to the ANC campaign for the 1999 elections.


    6. That the release of any COSATU members onto the ANC election list must be linked to an agreement where COSATU will be officially recognised as the constituency to which these comrades are accountable.


    7. That COSATU and its affiliates should consciously organise workers to engage in the structures of the Alliance at all levels to ensure a working-class bias in the programme and policies of the alliance.


    8. That the structuring of the alliance must be organised to ensure that the ANC in government is subject to the political control of the ANC party structures and the structures and policies of the Alliance.


    9. That the COSATU CEC be empowered to review the alliance in the period after the 1999 elections and the next Congress


    1. That the principal aim of our struggle was to achieve national democratic revolution.


    2. That putting the ANC into government was one critical means to achieve the national democratic revolution.


    3. That the ANC led government still has to complete its constitutional responsibility of ensuring complete eradication of all forms of oppression, be it gender, ethnic or racial at the societal level.


    4. That the Alliance is partly dysfunctional because of lack of clear programmes for mutual implementation by the concerned parties.


    1. That the Alliance partners have a de-facto responsibility to ensure that there is complete justice, socio-politically and socio-economically.


    2. That there is a need for the Alliance partners to collectively review the relationship between participating organisations, their roles as well as the Leadership of the Alliance.


    3. That the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) was the only adequate way to ensuring economic democracy.


    4. That there is a need to revitalise the functionality of the Alliance by developing a programme for joint implementation by the Alliance partners.


    1. That the Alliance be revitalised by putting in place a common programme for implementation by the concerned parties.


    2. That as a matter of extreme urgency a well representative summit of the Alliance partners be convened to discuss the details of the programme.


    3. That such a programme must seek to extend democracy to all social and economic spheres.


    4. That such a programme be subjected to periodic review in terms of implementation.


  2. TGWU
  3. Noting that:

    Believing that:

    Therefore resolves:

  4. SADTU
  5. Noting:


    Therefore resolve :

  • 1 We have noted some flaws within the alliance. Worth noting is the lack of report and consultation within alliance partners.

    1.1 Programmes of alliance partners need to be known and debated so that we can arrive at a common PoA

    1.2 We further note that in the transformation era there will be difference of opinions which does not mean hostility to the alliance.

    1.3 An alliance strategic vision is needed

    1.4 Structures of the alliance must be kept alive.

    1.5 We should reconstitute the alliance : a new conception of the leadership role of an ANC inside and outside government has to be developed.

    1.6 We should keep the alliance for total transformation of the country.

    2 Relationship with the Government

    2.1 The present government was popularly elected by the people of South Africa.

    2.2 The majority of those that elected the government is the working people.

    2.3 There is major shift from the old government to the new which is more accommodative and is prepared to listen.

    2.4 However, the role of our government is slowly shifting to become a referee between labour and capital than a terrain for social transformation.

    2.5 This change has affected the way in which we relate to the government.

    2.6 We believe that we cannot agree on everything with the government.

    2.7 The relationship should be both on complimentary and conflictual.

    2.8 On progressive issues we should support the government but should the government take a reactionary stand, we should oppose it.

  • Noting that:

    1. Our country is undergoing transformation both on an economical and political level.


    2. ANC is the terrain of struggle.


    3. The Tripartite-partite Alliance Partners lack a common programme to work around.


    4. The agenda for transforming our country is a contested one.


    5. We have always understood the Tripartite Alliance to be the engine of National Democratic Revolution and transformation.


    6. The main motive forces of democratic transformation in our country are represented by the African workers and the rural masses.


    7. There is a lack of mass involvement in the transformation struggle.


    Believing that:

    1. The tripartite-partite alliance remains the only vehicle that can bring about fundamental transformation of our country.


    2. Traditionally the ANC is an organisation that represents the poor of the poorest.


    3. The split of the Alliance could only be a score for those forces, who have for a very long time, wished to reverse the gains gained so far.


    4. RDP remains the only programme capable of radically transforming our country for the better.


    Therefore resolve that:

    1. Re-affirm the COSATU 1994 Congress Resolution to maintain the alliance.


    2. To call on all COSATU members to participate and belong to all structures of the Alliance and to defend the progressive elements of the RDP.


    3. The Tripartite Alliance to develop a clear transformation programme / Reconstruction Accord that will drive the tripartite Alliance.


    4. All components of the Alliance to take full responsibility for the implementation of such a programme.


  • Noting:

    1. That there is a need to ensure that the structures of the ANC and the Government are led by people who have a working class bias if transformation, in general, and in the workplace in particular, is to be a reality.



    1. That the ANC has to be assisted by labour for all intents and purposes in implementing progressive policies which will include at all times, the shaping of such policies.


    Therefore resolve:

    1. That COSATU members be encouraged to build ANC structures.


    2. That COSATU Office Bearers, as well as Office Bearers in member affiliates, at both national and provincial levels, be disallowed to stand as candidates for national and provincial leadership positions in the ANC structures.


    3. That the Federation be flexible in releasing its leaders at the local level to serve in ANC structures.


  • CWIU

    1. The April 1994 elections victory provides a framework through which citizens of our country can collectively determine their destiny as political and constitutional equals.


    2. This breakthrough was a culmination of heroic struggles by the majority of the people


    3. The democratic movement has attained only elements of political power, with much of the state machinery still remaining in tact.


    4. We are called upon to correctly assess the current situation, take advantage of the many possibilities which this situation provides and fulfill the strategic objective that is Socialism.


    5. The main aims of the Alliance were the following


        a) To attain national liberation
        b) To have the working class as the dominant force in the struggle so as to have its views and demands adopted as the overall guiding principles for the struggle to end poverty and exploitation
    6. The Alliance partners adopted the RDP as a policy and means through which to ensure the delivery of basic needs. This has not been fully implemented.



    1. That our struggle is for total transfer of political and economic power to the working class


    2. That our key objective is that of building an interventionist government geared towards efficient and effective service delivery through engagement of the people


    3. The objective interests of the working class is to struggle for the improvement in their standards of living - including housing, health, social welfare, jobs, education, etc.



    1. That the democratic forces in South Africa are not yet in control of all layers of power


    2. CWIU supported the Alliance between COSATU, SACP and the ANC, and that the Alliance is subject to review from time to time


    3. Upon coming to power, the ANC led government created the RDP Ministry, whose main duties were the implementation of the RDP as well as ensuring its ongoing evaluation


    4. That the NDR is threatened by the legacy of an economy which is in a structural crisis, as a result of decades of systematic racist, capitalist and patriarch under development and by the neo-liberal policies of globalisation


    5. That the NDR is also threatened by class forces that are opposed to the strategic objectives and who seek to purport it as a modernising and normalising project


    6. That the state machinery has not been fully transformed and therefore that the objective of participatory democracy has not been realised


    7. That the NDR has to be under the working class hegemony


    8. That the strategic programme for transformation, the RDP has not been fully implemented, which led to the adoption of the following policies i.e. GEAR, LRA, BCEA etc.



    1. That the alliance has not systematically looked at challenges of the transition and formulated a strategy and the role of our various formations in that strategy


    2. That no programme was formulated for engagement of the masses, as such masses remain largely spectators in the theatre of the struggle for transformation


    3. That this is because of the objective and subjective weaknesses that confront the alliance and in particular the ANC.


    4. That the civil service inherited from the previous regime remains hostile to the transformation agenda


    5. That violence and crime have become the major destabilising factor for transformation


    6. That our communities are embroiled in conflicts and self interest; propelled clashes over resources that is caused by a lack of a common strategic programme; that the capitalist strategy is to divide the working class and promote middle class values; and that the mass character of CBOs and the ANC in particular, is not visible


    7. The challenges of our current realities and the incumbent need for the working class to provide leadership


      • that dual leadership has to be located within a broad national framework before being examined with specific references
      • that dual membership and leadership is a strategic strength for ensuring working class leadership and therefore worker control
      • there are subjective and objective weaknesses within the Alliance partners particularly the ANC
      • to be able to correct and or eliminate these weaknesses we should provide leadership in those centres and in communities


    8. The Alliance leadership is not accountable to the masses and operate without a mandate


    9. There is a notion that we should break the Alliance with the ANC and the SACP and form a Workers Party


    10. The Alliance (COSATU, ANC and SACP) as a strategic weapon for transformation, is not cast and stone, but subject to review from time to time.


    11. The timing and conditions under which the Alliance is broken would be informed by our varying perspectives


    12. The Alliance needs to be consistently and constructively assessed


    13. GEAR undermines all the principal features of the RDP - in its provisions around housing, health, social welfare, jobs, high real interest rates, etc.


    14. Mass organisations are weak. There is little consultation with constituencies and decisions are made on a top down basis.


    15. Trade unions and student organisations have taken up national campaigns, however, there is very little co-ordination amongst them even where campaigns are over common issues such as GEAR.


    16. Campaigns have generally not been successful and they have not led to the strengthening of mass organisations.


    Believing that :

    1. The ANC has not ditched the RDP, but has adopted the GEAR with the claim that it will implement the RDP


    2. The timing is not right to break the Alliance


    3. As COSATU we do not have the capacity to form a political party


    4. The Alliance needs to be strengthened


    5. The objectives of the Alliance have not yet been achieved


    6. The political consciousness of the working class still reflects support for the ANC as reflected in the 1994 elections


    7. The resolution of the National Question - calls for an alliance of the ANC, COSATU and SACP


    8. It is premature to break the alliance


    9. The struggle against apartheid and social transformation is not complete and therefore an Alliance is still necessary


    10. There is no alternative organisation with mass support


    11. There will be serious ramifications for workers if the alliance is broken


    12. We need to rescue the ANC from any anti - working class elements in and outside the ANC


    13. We cannot ignore the historical background of the alliance


    14. The Alliance has a programme - the RDP


    15. We must struggle for the recognition and implementation of the RDP


    16. It is opportunistic to break the alliance


    17. Workers will decide on the future of the alliance


    18. Capitalism has never and will never offer any lasting solution to the nation’s economic crises


    19. The only effective way to redistribute the nation’s wealth is by nationalising the commanding heights of the economy


    Therefore resolve:

    1. To deepen the understanding of Socialism in the National Democratic Project and the transformation of state institutions to ones that are responsive, answerable and accessible to the people



    2. The Congress resolves to maintain the Alliance by doing the following :


      a) keeping the masses up-to-date on any developments around policy changes and NEDLAC negotiations

      b) coming up with a programme of action to ensure the implementation of the RDP

    3. As COSATU we should reassert ourselves and put forward working class ideas on the Alliance agenda


    4. COSATU to identify issues for discussion at the alliance level and propose meetings with the alliance, an accord which indicates among other things, that the Alliance partners should discuss any policy changes jointly should be enter into.


    5. We need to maintain the alliance until the 1999 elections and thereafter we will decide about its future


    6. Ensure that our delegates to NEDLAC / Alliance meetings do attend and that they are accountable


    7. Ensure that issues are thoroughly debated at all levels so that we are able to influence decisions at the alliance level


    8. To develop a clear Campaign Programme of Action on the RDP in the context of building the Alliance and a broad popular movement for transformation to ensure that the transformation process is mass driven.


    9. Should commit itself to develop an implementation strategy of the RDP and work through the Alliance for joint policy formulation.


    10. Assume full responsibility for building Alliance component organs


    11. The struggle of the various mass organisations needs to be united and coordinated and for this purpose COSATU needs to initiate common struggles with other mass organisations around concrete issues confronting the working class.


    12. To strengthen the grassroots structures of the ANC and the MDM formations


    13. Strengthen the unity of NDR motive forces through practical action and programmes


    14. There is a need for a coherent and common programme around which concrete struggles must take place. The programme should improve and build on the RDP, through the measures proposed in the COSATU economic strategy.


    15. There must be a process of ensuring that there is self-clarification on the objectives of the struggle, i.e. there must be a differentiation of views of the broad objectives of the struggle.


      Relations with Government

    16. To build the organisational authority of the ANC in all three tiers of government and ensure that ministers and other representatives are not absorbed by new elite’s agendas (of modernisation) and they must remain answerable to the Alliance and the masses


    17. By becoming the first reference point (through the Alliance) of any policy processes (i.e. from formulation to implementation)


    18. To actively ensure that government and the public sector is effective and transparent, representative of the class, race and gender realities of our society


    19. To actively engage government in ensuring delivery and effective implementation of the RDP


    20. And therefore ensure that the GNU dispensation does not become an excuse for not delivering


    21. We need to ensure that the ANC wins the 1999 elections by:


      • encouraging our leadership to actively participate in community structures


      • leadership to be involved in educating the society at large about the ANC government and why they have to vote for the ANC in 1999


      • release as many of our leadership as possible to assist and campaign for the ANC


  • CAWU
  • Noting that:

    1. The Alliance was not born out of convenience, but through the bitter struggle against the monstrous apartheid system and the subjugation of the majority of citizens of our country .


    2. It was mainly through the Alliance that democracy dawned on our country in 1994 and that this fledging democracy needs to be vigorously defended.


    3. The Alliance is the only vehicle through which true, and effective Reconstruction and Development of our country can be achieved.


    Therefore resolves:

    1. COSATU should more than ever seek ways and means of strengthening the Alliance e.g. by implementing the Alliance Programme adopted by the CEC in April 1997.


    2. The independence of the Alliance partners be re-instated by the Congress, so that partners can fearlessly but constructively criticize each other.


    Tripartite Alliance proposed resolutions

    This Congress notes that:

    1. Good resolutions on the alliance were taken in past congresses.


    2. The focus should be more on implementation and co-ordination of alliance programmes.


    3. Capital and its propaganda instrument, the mass media, are actively undermining the alliance and sow divisions within its ranks.


    4. Although this tendency is not dominant within the alliance, there is growing drive for dissolution of the alliance, and treatment of COSATU and the SACP as junior partners.


    5. The absence of a coherent and cohesive alliance programme is a source of weakness and lack of direction.


    Therefore, resolves that:

    1. The alliance is now more relevant than even before, for it to survive the current realignment of political and class forces in our country.


    2. A strong, practical and workable programme of building strong alliance structures at all levels to stand the aggressive offensive from our class and political opponent, need to be developed urgently.


    3. Campaigns around delivery of basic needs and services to working people and the poor, particularly in the rural areas need to be developed to make our people take more responsibility for the transformation programme.


    4. This alliance should, therefore, establish a dynamic political centre, that is well resourced, to monitor, co-ordinate and evaluate the activities of the alliance at all levels. This political centre should be supervised by the Alliance Secretariat on an ongoing basis.


  • Noting that:

    1. The existence of the Tripartite-Partite Alliance has contributed to the advancement of worker and broader working class interests. The advent of a new democratic order and the subsequent developments like the new Constitution and a new Labour Relations Act are some examples.


    2. Recent developments, like the adoption of the GEAR macro-economic strategy with it’s neo-liberal manifestations, by both the ANC led government and the ANC as an organisation, have necessitated a critical review of the manner in which the Alliance is functioning.


    Believing that:

    1. There can be no doubt that the adoption of the GEAR policy constitutes a very definite shift in policy by the ANC and will seriously undermine the achievement of RDP objectives.


    2. The specific adoption of GEAR by the ANC is insufficient reason to break an Alliance with such a long and rich history.


    3. As a labour movement we should be seeking to build greater levels of contact with and accountability by those MPs who were drawn from the labour movement.


    4. Local ANC structures need to be re-built to ensure greater levels of participation in the policy making processes within the organisation.


    Believing further that:

    1. At this point there is no alternative vehicle which can champion working class interests nor do we think that there is a need for an independent political organisation for workers.


    Resolves that:

    1. At this point, the Alliance should not be broken.


    2. We re-affirm our support for the resolution of the 5th National Congress which amongst others, calls for a constant reviewing of the Alliance.


    3. COSATU, as an independent organ within the Alliance, should chart a programme that would be followed in the event that ongoing discussions to change the details of GEAR fail.


    Resolves further that:

    1. We re-affirm our vision of achieving socialism and as such there should be ongoing discussions within the broader socialist movement on this matter. That this process could include convening a Socialist Conference.




    NUMSA believes that the tripartite alliance as the main political body should drive ad consolidate the struggle for democracy with a clear program to redress historical imbalances and economic ills.

    We note that, there is little or lack of consultation within the alliance forces, that the alliance lacks clear strategy to lead and oversee processes of change. We also note that the alliance meets on ad hoc basis and is more reactive to crisis situation.

    We believe that the alliance should meet from time to time, assess itself, and agree on a common strategy to lead society.

    The alliance should consciously develop policies to guide the state and not vice-versa.

    The alliance should agree to resurrect and re-instate the RDP as a guiding strategy in governance.

    The RDP remains the document which represent minimum program that can unite us.

    ALLIANCE (a response to the COSATU proposal commission)

    The ANC, COSATU and SACP alliance has been born through bitter years of struggle against political oppression and economic exploitation in this country. The ANC-led alliance, although tense at the moment, has managed to rise at critical moments in history and take up challenges against the reactionary forces in this country. The alliance has also managed to keep the masses of our people united through action during this transformation process.

    The SACP, despite being a political party for the working class, is not pulling its weight.

    COSATU continues to have an important role within the alliance to ensure that the interests of workers, the unemployed and the poor are represented.

    COSATU therefore resolves that:

    1. We will use the Alliance to mobilise a whole range of social forces.


    2. COSATU to convene a conference of the Alliance to debate strategy and tactics to promote our economic platform.


    3. The National Congress mandates the COSATU Central Executive Committee to review from time to time the state of the Alliance and take the appropriate decision. Such a decision must be ratified by the National Congress.


    4. COSATU must continue to seek to build a working-class biased ANC.


    5. COSATU will continue to be critical of the ANC and force changes on the ANC Government in order to improve the ANC’s support amongst the majority.


    9.3 ALLIANCE ACCORD/PACT - (a response to the EXCO discussion paper on the programme of the alliance)

    We reject the proposition of an accord with the ANC. The motivation in the paper is not convincing. Therefore, what is needed is the following:

    • COSATU should formulate positions and perspective to engage GEAR and that process should be characterised by mobilisation of our members and the public.


    • Such positions, perspectives and alternatives be taken to the coming Job Summit.


    • Instead of an Accord, there should be re-opening of debate/discussions in GEAR and that should be characterised by an undoubted willingness on the government to change GEAR as its base policy.


    • Resurrect the Alliance role to formulate policy and political programs to advance the struggle of the poor.



    We believe that the process of governance should be guided by clear principles of

    a) Meeting the basic needs;

    b) Democratizing the economy;

    c) Restructuring of the state;

    d) Job creation


    The long struggle for democracy in South Africa has produced a social democratic politicall outcome. We are faced with a nominally democratic state where economic power is still largely in the hands of capital. This is a compromise born out of the complex forces involved in the transition to democracy and not necessarily the ideal outcome for the working class or the disadvantaged. However this is the reality with which organised labour in general and COSATU in particular must deal with.

    A social democratic political system relies on the ability of various social forces to make compromises in order to attain consensus. Such compromises more often than not are to the benefit of capital rather than the working class due to the unequal distribution of power. This is the point at which we find ourselves.

    The political transformation process has presented us with new challenges and new points of struggle. In common with other social democracies, organised labour in South Africa must develop strategies which both engage the state and capital for the improvement of the material conditions of the majority, while also developing a long term vision of a socialist society. We should be in no doubt that our longer term objectives will be resisted by capital and the state and it is therefore essential that we actively develop a broad coalition of forces to continually challenge the bourgeois liberal view of society.

    In the short term we face the challenge to;

    1. Improve the conditions of all sections of society through better education, health, services and access to economic resources;


    2. Maximise our ability to engage the state and capital with the purpose of influencing the processes of change;


    3. Remain in dynamic contact with our membership for the purposes of understanding their aspirations and gaining mandates for engagement and intervention;


    4. Develop alliances with other progressive forces in order to engage and intervene from a position of broader strength but while maintaining COSATU’s independence;


    5. Develop the capacity of our members to understand the paradigm shifts in South Africa, in order to empower them to engage and intervene at all levels of society and in all available forums.


    At the same time we must develop a practical and understandable vision of the socialist society we see as our long term goal. To achieve this we must engage in a process of debate with a broad range of forces, both locally and internationally, in order to mount an effective challenge to the global power of capital.

    9.6 NEDLAC

    NEDLAC is a classic institution of social democracy where consensus around management of the economy in general and the labour market in particular are debated between capital, the state and organised labour. It has an obvious potential to encourage corporatist behaviour and the bureaucratisation of unions.

    Organised Labour`s role in NEDLAC and the organisation’s performance should be reviewed by COSATU in order to improve our input. Greater efforts should be made to ensure that all levels of the federation and its affiliates understand NEDLAC and our involvement.

    COSATU therefore resolves that:

    1. COSATU should convene a workshop of senior leadership to assess the performance of NEDLAC and ensure that the process involves the regional and local leadership and to develop a long term vision of the role of NEDLAC and a strategy for realising this vision.


    2. Any agreement reached at NEDLAC should not be altered by Parliament.


    1.2 Socialism

      1. COSATU remains committed to fighting for a South Africa free from capitalist exploitation and the achievement of democratic and socialist society.


      2. In the last few years, there has been a relentless ideological attack on socialism.


      3. This attack has caused wide spread confusion within the labour movement, on an international scale, with the leadership of many trade unions and other political formations adopting more and more pro-capitalist policies e.g. dabbling in investments, support for privatisation, etc.


      1. COSATU and a few of its affiliates have launched investment companies without a coherent investment strategy.


      1. COSATU shall mount a counter-offensive campaign against capitalism aimed at proving the superiority of socialism by:


        • Engaging in merciless public criticism of capitalism


        • Conducting, throughout the Federation, ongoing education on the fundamental ideas of socialism and nurturing a working class consciousness and outlook.


        • Fostering a climate of free and fraternal debate on how socialism is to be achieved.


      2. COSATU shall forge links with other working class formations internationally as part of the international fight against neo-liberal globalisation.


      3. COSATU formulates a coherent investment policy, as part of its broader programme for radical transformation and that all unions be bound by this policy.


      1. Educate and mobilise the working class about the importance of their role and contribution in realising socialism. Within COSATU and its affiliates this could take the form of Socialist Forums at local level.


      2. COSATU to develop its links with credible socialist organisations nationally and internationally in order to challenge capital on a global front.


      3. With the SACP, develop mass media instruments (papers, programmes etc.) which give an alternative view of society, international issues and provide an outlet for socialist intellectual debate.


      4. Increase the depth of our relationship with the SACP as a political party with a socialist vision;


      5. COSATU should be part of a process of building a revolutionary working class movement outside the alliance of which the SACP should be a part.


      6. COSATU must engage in earnest discussions to develop a socialist programme. Once such a programme has been developed, COSATU and SACP must call a Conference of left forces to discuss and jointly develop a broader programme for taking us to socialism; such a programme could include joint programmes of action, continuous discussion, education forums, etc
      • COSATU’s continued commitment to socialism places it in the last line of defense in the ideological war against socialism.


      • Socialism is the only system which can solve the social and economic problems of working people across the globe and any attempts to reform capitalism will merely lead to greater levels of poverty, unemployment, homelessness, disease, starvation, crime and civil war.


    2. SAMWU
    3. Noting that:

      Noting further that:

      Believing that:

      Resolves that:

    4. NUMSA
    5. COSATU remains committed to a socialist vision for South Africa. However it recognises that such a vision requires careful articulation in order to be both attractive and achievable to the majority of South Africans. We also recognise that the socialist vision for South Africa cannot be based only on the experiences of those societies that previously claimed this vision. Our socialist vision must include the strategy and tactics for its achievement and not simply contain empty rhetoric.

      We do not believe it is possible to hold an abstract policy for a socialist society and not bring elements of that policy into our short term objectives.

      The dialectical interaction of our immediate struggles as a trade union must inform our socialist vision and visa versa.

      To this end the following steps must be taken:


    1.3 Re-galvanise MDM for Transformation

      1. To engage in campaigns for provision / development of a working class understanding of development and approach within communities


      2. Through ensuring a common understanding and approach to the RDP within communities


      3. Counter any chauvinistic tendencies that seek to divide communities


      4. In building community structures of CBOs, ANC, SACP and also provide leadership.


      5. Engage in overhauling problematic LDFs and be part of LDF


      6. COSATU members must commit themselves to be active in the community and take up issues which will mobilise their communities


      7. Our campaigns as organised workers must be promoted in the community


      8. We should actively support community campaigns


      9. Joint education programmes and community and debates should be organised by our locals


      10. COSATU locals should actively research what is happening in the communities and should liaise with communities on issues


      11. Structures of the alliance to be strengthened at all levels, i.e. local, provincial and national


      12. Use our own experience through shop stewards and officials to ensure proper mandating process and flow of information


      13. Strengthen the layer of our leadership so that we as labour remain strong even if some of the leaders have been absorbed to the government


        Interlocking Leadership - Two Hats

      14. Educate working class about the importance of the Alliance and its leadership duty in it.


      15. Actively participate and hold leadership positions within the Alliance components as the case may apply in the Alliance structures and provide clear class perspective


      16. Play an active role in nurturing the unity of NDR forces and ensure class hegemony not narrow workerism


      17. Through this ensure advancement, defense and deepening of working class interest


      18. Union leadership may be released to campaign for the ANC and also stand for elections at national, provincial and local level. without any fear of loosing employment


      19. Where a leader is a union official and decides to stand, his/her job will remain open until the election results have been announced. The CEC shall make the final decision on practicalities that will be in the interests of COSATU.


      1. Since the General Elections in 1994 mass mobilisation around transformation issues has been ad hoc and uncoordinated.


      2. Reactionary forces have succeeded in projecting a negative picture in a more structured and consistent way.


      3. Organs of peoples’ power that were built during our struggle for liberation have been allowed to collapse.


      4. The RDP, our programme for transformation, has been watered down.


      5. The State remains predominantly loyal to the old regime, and actively trying to undermine the programme of the Democratic Government at all levels.


      1. The alliance should mobilise all forces around the implementation of the RDP and thus revitalise the RDP as the programme for transformation.


      2. Gains already made should be defended and new areas should be explored in a systematic and structural way. Periodically our programme should be reviewed.


      3. Many COSATU Shop/Shaft Stewards elected to Local Government should be developed so that they can have the necessary capacity to implement the working class programme.


      4. Our communication strategy should be directed at ensuring that COSATU membership follow the developments in all areas of our activities.


      5. To take full control of the programme for transformation. COSATU should be prepared to release its most committed and capable leaders to stand for election to leadership positions of the Alliance Partners
      • Driving joint discussion and education programs.


      • Joint campaigns with the following elements of focus:


      • Social security and social wage (health, transport, pensions & UIF).


      • Job creation, public works, training, land reform, tax reform etc.


    2. CWIU

    3. NUMSA
    4. We agree with the document that the Alliance should galvanise other progress mass democratic formations but with a clear strategy and agenda. The program to guide the Alliance is none other than the RDP. We agree with the need for cadre development program and popular participation of all our cadres in such programs.

      We also believe that a political program should be developed to direct our interaction with MDM with clear objectives of:

      Alliance and MDM forces should develop a conscious program to engage the youth, studeents, bureaucrats, workers around a clear strategy to drive change for the interest of the poor.

      To instill a sense of responsibility and accountability to bureaucrats MPs and ministers.

    5. NUM
    6. This Congress notes that:

      Therefore resolves that:



    1.4 SANCO


    Noting that:

    1. Civic structures have been in decline since the 1994 elections.


    2. SANCO has become involved in privatisation initiatives at local government level.


    3. The current approach adopted by SANCO has serious potential to undermine its intended watchdog role.


    Believing that:

    1. Strong and democratic organs of civil society are necessary to strengthen our democracy and ensure that communities are able to mount effective campaigns around socialist orientated development.


    Therefore resolves that:

    1. COSATU should actively participate in re-building the civic movement.


    2. SANCO should be actively engaged on issues which have a direct effect on COSATU and what it stands for e.g. our opposition to the privatisation of municipal services.


    3. COSATU should also link up with other progressive, local civic structures(this refers to non-SANCO affiliates) that are not in conflict with the policies of the Federation.


    1.5 Local Government


    Noting that:

    1. Many of the services, aimed at meeting the basic needs of people, are provided by local authorities.


    2. Since the first democratic local government elections, very little attention has been given to building the capacity of councilors drawn from the democratic movement and that this has led to tensions developing between local government employees(and their union SAMWU) and the councilors.


    3. The actions of many of the new councilors have been based on self-interest rather than the collective interests and needs of the communities they were elected to represent.


    4. The restructuring and amalgamation of the internal administrations of local authorities is not proceeding smoothly and that this is having an effect on the extension and delivery of services to the historically disadvantaged masses.


    5. The continued domination of statutory local government bodies by old order conservatives and the heavy reliance upon them by democratically elected councillors is a source of continued stagnation in transforming these institutions.


    Noting further that:

    1. Many local authorities are experiencing serious financial difficulties.


    2. The Department of Constitutional Development has set up Operation Viability as a means of monitoring the financial situation in local authorities.


    3. Privatisation is being advocated as one solution to the financial and service delivery problems being experienced by local authorities.


    4. The system of pre-scribed assets was used to build apartheid infrastructure but was scrapped as a system on the eve of the fall of apartheid.


    Believing that:

    1. Local government will not survive without radically restructuring the existing methods of funding.


    2. The so-called service charge boycott was a direct response to the boycott of service delivery to our communities by the illegitimate apartheid structures.


    3. Once service delivery has been re-instituted, people should pay for the services they receive within the framework a national tariff system which makes provision for adequate levels of cross subsidisation.


    4. Pre-scribed assets is a viable vehicle for post-apartheid reconstruction.


    Resolves that:

    1. Greater levels of Alliance co-ordination at local, regional and national level be introduced in matters related to local government.


    2. Restructuring of local government administrations must, as a necessity, bring about changes to the current employment ethos of these institutions in terms of personnel and content.


    3. We should campaign strongly for the re-introduction of pre-scribed assets.


    4. COSATU members, and especially municipal workers, should become directly involved in building the Masakhane Campaign.


    5. We push for national tariff reform in respect of all basic services. This reform should include what constitutes life-line levels of service and makes provision for cross-subsidisation.


    6. Mechanisms be explored to have Councilors who are not accountable to the communities they represent to be re-called.


    1.6 Crime and Violence

      1. To ensure complete restructuring of the security service and build one with clear class conscience, transparent and whose aim is to uproot social ills in an integrated way of work with other public service sectors and the people


      2. Engagement in campaign for building and strengthening of community policing forums


      3. Ensuring integration of policing service with other services


      4. Educate workers and the people on effects of crime and how to deal with crime - build grassroots structures that will be responsive and decisive


      5. Locals, in liaison with the local communities should be responsible for planning defense activities against all forms of crime and violence


        a) going back to basics and reviving the structures

        b) electing accountable working class leaders at local, provincial and national levels

      1. Crime is on the rampage in our country.


      2. The increase in crime is due to various social problems.


      3. The very mode of economic system existing in our country is responsible for the high level of crime.


      4. The morale fibre of our social system is under threats by the ever increasing crime.


      5. The crime currently affecting our country is an organised one, the elements of the former regime are involved in this crime.


      1. Crime knows no colour


      2. Victims of crime come from all social backgrounds.


      1. COSATU to mobilise against crime and violence against women and children.


      2. Campaign for a speedily transformation of police and justice system.


      3. To discourage members of community from buying stolen goods.


      4. To review the whole bail system.


      5. To expose and report those corrupt police who are in cahoots with criminals.


      6. Encourage all COSATU members to participate in the CPF and support those dedicated police in fighting crime.


      1. To expose domestic violence within our communities.


      2. To prioritise child abuse and rape as crime that need to be fought by all South Africans.


      3. To tighten the legislation around private security companies.


      4. To mobilise our own communities and instill/build a culture of reporting about child abuse and rape.


      1. The culture of policing in South Africa has not changed as a result of lack of transformation of the SAPS. While we note the good intentions of the Government to change the SAPS from a police force to the one that render service we are confronted with resistance from the old order police i.e. apartheid police & home lands.


      2. We also not the entire Criminal Justice Department are ridden with corruption.


      3. This is manifested through crime syndicates.


      4. Service to the community has suffered tremendously.


      5. The entire public service is in great danger of collapsing if such key departments are allowed to continue to be embroiled in corruption.


      1. To mobilise all workers to play an active and positive role in Community Policing Forums.


      2. To work closely with communities & urge them to report crime occurring in their places.


      3. To engage Safety & Security Ministry and MECs on transformation of SAPS.


      4. To closely monitor the deployment of both logistical and human resources to ensure service delivery particularly to crime ridden and disadvantaged areas.


      5. To work with the Independent Complaints Directorate to ensure that policemen involved in corruption and other unlawful activities are dealt with and discharged from the service.


      6. To urge Government & Business to create job opportunities to alleviate crime linked to poverty.


      1. Our country is afflicted by crime.


      2. A large part of this crime was inherited from apartheid in the form of corruption of ethical values.


      3. We also note that this is a product of socio economic problems of this country.


      1. To address underlying socio economic problems in our society, including the problem of public transport.


      2. That while some police are doing a good job, we must root out corruption within the police system.


      3. That there must be a review of the justice system including bail.


      4. That Prisoners must be rehabilitated so that when they come out of prison they will be useful members of society.


      5. That we commit ourselves as COSATU to participate in all attempts directed against crime. Therefore we should be "rotos" against crime


      6. That as part of this campaign we must try and crack organised crime.


      7. That a key element of community policing forums is to define their roles so that they can be effective.


      8. The media should redirect its education activities to assist in fighting crime.


    2. CWIU

    3. PPWAWU
    4. Noting that:

      Believing that:

      Therefore resolve that:

      Further resolve:

    5. POPCRU
    6. Noting that:

      We therefore resolve:

    7. NUMSA
    8. Noting:

      Therefore resolves:

    1.7 Members of Parliament


    This Congress of COSATU noting:

    1. The current electoral system whereby all Members of Parliament are elected through a national list system.


    2. The problems of accountability to the electorate that the system poses.


    3. That for democracy to be workable, communities should be able on a regular basis to influence the views of political parties through the members in parliament and through the branch structures of the political parties in communities.


    Hereby resolves:

    1. To propose that the electoral system be reformed, in order to introduce constituency based elections in combination with the national list system.


    2. To propose further that at least two thirds of Members of Parliament be elected on a strict geographical constituency basis.


    3. To promote campaigns of accountability, whereby Members of Parliament serve their constituents, and receive regular feed-back from constituents.