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Shopsteward Volume 27: Special Bulletin

COSATU Media Monitor COSATU Media Monitor COSATU Media Monitor


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National Congress  |  Resolutions


    1. Role of COSATU
    2. COSATU Demarcation
    3. Women Leadership
    4. Strengthen COSATU Structures
    5. Worker Control
    6. Build Workersí Unity
    7. Constitutional Amendments
    8. Strengthening the Farm Workers Union


    5. IMF AND WTO

    1. Broad Macro-Economic Framework and GEAR
    2. RDP Implementation and Masakhane
    3. Privatisation
    4. Government Debt
    5. EPZ, SDI, IDZ
    6. Corporate Governance
    7. Social Accord
    8. Public Works Programmes
    9. Fisheries
    10. Food Security
    11. Land Reform and Development
    12. Rural Development
    13. Industrial and Trade Policy
    14. Fiscal Policy
    15. Monetary Policy
    16. Labour Market Policy
    17. Funding of Public Education
    18. Jobs Summit
    19. Union Investment
    20. NEDLAC






    1. We adopt the 1996 COSATU Women`s Conference Resolution and approve the Alliance Women`s Conference in 1998. (PPWAWU & CWIU)

    2. Support the idea of a National Womenís Movement led by the Alliance, therefore COSATU should work towards its formation. (PPWAWU & CWIU)

    3. The Movement will ensure that issues affecting working class women are taken up nationally. (CWIU)

    4. The movement must be built around concrete issues facing working class women. (CWIU)

    1. COSATU should popularise this resolution amongst its workers by educating male workers on the oppression of women and capitalism, parental responsibility, etc. (CWIU)

    2. NEDCOM should ensure that all resolutions on women are included in the training manuals (CWIU)

    3. COSATU Bulletin should also include a series of articles on the issue. (CWIU)

    1. COSATUís Parental rights agreement, (CWIU)

    2. Companies to pay for health screening for women workers (CWIU)

    3. A binding sexual harassment code must be negotiated in the national chamber. The code should provide for companies to pay for shop stewards to be trained by the union, (CWIU)

    1. Encourage the appointment of women organisers. (CWIU)

    2. Step up our education of both men and women on womenís issues. Step up the special education of women in such areas as skills training, broad union issues. (CWIU)

    3. Fight for paid time off for women workers to participate in all union activities. (CWIU)

    4. Take disciplinary action against men in the organisation who sexually harass women workers and staff. (CWIU)

    5. Ensure the proper discussion of womenís issues at all union meetings and structures. (CWIU)

    6. Increase the budget for womenís forums and seminars.

    7. Child care facilities be provided at all meetings, the EXCO will finalise the details. (CWIU)

    8. Meeting times should be sensitive to the needs of women comrades.

    9. Where meetings take place after hours, the union should provide transport for women comrades. (CWIU)

    10. Women should be encouraged to attend locals. (CWIU)

    11. Factory General meetings should include womenís issues. (CWIU)

    12. The research coordinator should do research on the occupations, wage levels, forms of discrimination against women workers in the factories. (CWIU)

    13. Affiliates should operationalise COSATU`s Sexual Harassment Code. (CWIU)

    1. to establish a loose confederation (NUMSA)

    2. that while bringing together COSATU, NACTU and FEDUSA, the

      confederation will not take away the autonomy/independence of affiliated federations. (NUMSA)

    3. that such a confederation should be structured at national, inter-affiliate, regional, local levels, joint shop stewards levels. (NUMSA)

    4. that one of the ways on which the confederation will work will be through annual worker summits at the beginning of each year. (NUMSA)

    5. that the aim of these will be to work out an annual agenda for labour. (NUMSA)

    1. The congress reaffirms its position of supporting a single farm-workers union and that ways of strengthening the union will be prioritised.

    2. COSATU leadership should assist SAAPAWU in mobilising funds to boast the financial viability of the union.

    3. The farm unions i.e. FAWU, PPWAWU and SACTWU should be encouraged to work closely with SAAPAWU in order to strengthen it in the process.

    4. SAAPAWU should encourage its leadership at all levels to participate fully in COSATU structures in order to be empowered.

      3.12.1 To encourage our female members to participate in the coming elections at all levels. (PPWAWU)

      3.12.2 To identify female comrades with working class bias and lobby for their elections into government. (PPWAWU)

      1. Companies to commit themselves to eliminating all forms of discrimination against women in the company within a period of one year. (CWIU)

      2. It further commits itself to investigating forms of affirmative action to reverse the effects of past discrimination. The investigations will be designed to lead to an agreed programme of affirmative action, which will result in: (CWIU)

      3. All jobs in the company being open to women workers, and women workers being employed in 50% of the jobs; (CWIU)

      4. Appropriate training programmes, including literacy training, for all women workers and which do not unfairly discriminate against male workers; (CWIU)

      5. Equal pay for work of equal value." (CWIU)

    • 3.13.1 To forward the following demand on non discrimination and affirmative action in every negotiation, and to fight for an agreement by the employers: (CWIU)

      1. be accountable to the REC and RC;

      2. monitor progress in workplaces, locals and, including visits to workplaces general meetings in conjunction with the affiliatesí local women coordinators.

      3. convene regional womenís forums and planning meetings;

      4. ensure educational and other relevant activities in locals and workplaces with the assistance of the local women coordinators;

      5. liaise with the appropriate COSATU structures;

      6. liaise with other appropriate womenís organisations as my be decided by COSATU from time to time;

      7. check all agendas and reports to make sure that women are properly represented;

      8. to be assisted by a full time official in each region.

    • 3.20.1 Enforce and support the setting up of local womenís forums by the relevant structures. (CWIU)

      3.20.2 Regional Office Bearers to be responsible for the setting up of regular womenís forums in all regions and locals. (CWIU)

      3.20.3 Establish womenís planning committees in all regions. (CWIU)

      3.20.4 In each region elect a womenís coordinator, to be elected by the regional women forum and whose election will be endorsed by the REC. (CWIU)

      3.20.5 The Regional Womenís Coordinator will: (CWIU)

      3.20.6 First option on quota system: One of the concrete steps we are proposing is the immediate implementation of the gender quota system in the election of office bearers, in appointment of officials and election of delegates within the Federation and affiliates. (NEHAWU)

      3.20.7 All delegations to COSATU congress, conferences, seminars and negotiations shall include women delegates in proportion to the number of women in COSATU but at least 25%, with the aim of attaining 50%. (CWIU)

      3.20.8 At least one office bearer at regional and local level should be a woman. (CWIU)

      3.20.9 Second option on quota system: COSATU and the affiliates to make sure that within any required delegation to the meetings, conferences, congress, workshop etc. women are included. (PPWAWU)

      4.3.1. Give greater focus to the staffing resources. (SACTWU)

      4.3.2 Eliminate work duplication, and increase the productivity of all staff in the federation, including where necessary, through the consolidation of the number of posts. (SACTWU)

      4.3.3 Improve the service to members at workplace level, both in dealing with day to day problems, and in campaigns to change working conditions. (SACTWU)

      4.3.4 Develop a uniform set of conditions of employment and training, for all staff in the federation and its affiliates, with a common wage structure, which applies to all affiliates, and the federation. (SACTWU)

      4.4.1 Wage policy is determined at federation level. (SACTWU)

      4.4.2 The basic wage agreement is reached at macro level, covering all workers in South Africa, through direct negotiation between COSATU and employers in the private sectors. (SACTWU)

      4.5.1 Creating regional internal forums where debates can take place regularly. (SACTWU)

      4.5.2 Active engagement in campaign and struggles, which still provide the best school for trade union leaders. (SACTWU)

      4.5.3 Strengthening the federationís capacity to deliver training to shop stewards and staff, through its own staff and through other trade union educational institutions, and to make financial resources available from affiliates for this function. (SACTWU)

      4.6.1 A major new recruitment drive to reach at least a 50% level of unionisation of COSATU affiliates in all sectors. (SACTWU)

      4.6.2 Seconding experienced trade unionists at national and regional level to assist the federation to run these campaigns. (SACTWU)

      4.6.3 Opening doors to affiliates of other federations who seek to join COSATU. (SACTWU)

      4.6.4 A membership drive among white collar and white workers. (SACTWU)

      10.1 A new policy formulating structure called the Central Committee with the Central Executive Committee that has a strong regional and sector involvement, and a National Executive Committee that is representative but manageable structure. The same would apply at a regional level. (NEHAWU)

      10.2 A Central Committee of between 300 to 500 delegates with proportional representatives (NUMSA)

      1.1 The provisions of the Constitution in respect of the National Congress and Amendments to the Constitution may only be amended, repealed, added to or new provisions inserted by a resolution passed by a two-thirds majority at a quorate meeting of the National Congress, provided that the notice of the proposed amendment shall have been sent to the General Secretary and circulated finally on the agenda for such meeting to all affiliates.

      1.2 The Central Executive Committee shall have the power to amend all other sections and clauses of the Constitution.

      1.3 The procedure for amendment by the CEC shall require that any proposal shall first be tabled and discussed at a CEC meeting and that such proposal shall be circulated to all Affiliates.

      1.4 The subsequent normal meeting of the CEC may then adopt, amend or reject such proposed amendments. (SAMWU)

      2.1 Gives locals more power to influence decisions of the REC along with provisions which allocates sufficient financial resources to these structures.

      2.2 Gives RECs more power to influence EXCO/CEC decisions.

      2.3 Makes provisions for the convening of worker platforms as a way to promoting and building solidarity.

      2.4 A quota for the formal representation by women in COSATU structures

      as an immediate step, COSATU Regions be re-aligned to co-coincide with the provincial boundaries and that the next COSATU EXCO formulates an implementation plan. (SAMWU)

  1. Role of COSATU
  2. 1.1 COSATU must intervene in affiliates where serious problems have been brought to its attention and / or has been requested to do so. (CAWU)

    1.2 COSATU leadership must be visible during major disputes between affiliates.

    1.3 ( big and small ) and employers and co-ordinate solidarity with workers involved in disputes.(CAWU)

    1.4 The current structures of the federation must be reshaped to allow the federation to have more oversight on issues not only affecting the employed workers but the working class as a whole. (NEHAWU)

    1.5 This require more resources and certain powers to be concentrated in the federation to unable it to intervene effectively in the sectors both in terms of enforcing federation policy and assisting weaker sectors. (NEHAWU)

  3. COSATU Demarcation
  4. 2.1 Affiliates must be compelled to implement COSATU decisions. (CAWU & TGWU)

    2.2 COSATU be empowered to enforce decisions that relate to poaching of members. That any affiliate that currently holds membership in a sector traditionally organised by another affiliate shall immediately hand-over such members to the affiliate that traditionally organised that sector. (TGWU & CAWU)

    2.3 That any affiliate which breaches the terms of this resolution shall be subject to sanction by the CEC, including suspension and expulsion from the Federation affiliation. (TGWU & CAWU)

    2.4 That the CEC must ensure that the demarcation process in COSATU must be speeded up. (TGWU)

    2.5 That no COSATU affiliate will vary its scope into an area already covered by the scope of another affiliate. (TGWU)

    2.6 First option: To actively promote and implement the founding principle of COSATU for broadly based Industrial Trade Unionism and the policy of one industry one union. (CWIU & CAWU)

    2.7 Second option: The establishment of key broadly defined sectors within the Federation i.e. Manufacturing, Mining and Energy, Public Sector, Private Sector Services and Agriculture. These sectors should be organised into cartels that should take responsibility for defining sector policy, take responsibility for collective bargaining and set parameters for all other union work of national competence. In this scenario the current affiliates will evolve to become new sub sectors of the Cartels. This will assist the unity and merger processes that are so key to the founding principles of the Federation. (NEHAWU)

    2.8 Third Option: The congress mandates the CEC to commission a study on the implications of super unions and take into account the following areas :

    - accountability & mandates

    - bureaucracy

    - service to membership

    - administration

    - worker control (CWIU)

  5. Women Leadership
  6. 3.1 To allow all workers to be equal as stated in the New South African Constitution. To fight against all forms of discrimination against women, and to promote Affirmative Action in the workplace, union, federation and society i.e. education and training. To allow women to take up more meaningful positions of leadership and reflect more equitable representation within society. The workers charter and the new democratic constitution must include these principles. (PPWAWU & CWIU)

    3.2 To defend the women workers from all sorts of exploitation and abuse and educate them about their rights in this. (PPWAWU & CWIU)

    3.3 To encourage the Affiliated unions to elect women as shop stewards at every workplace where there are women members. Women must be encouraged to become shop stewards with the assistance of organisers. Where they are not elected as shop stewards they could be elected as alternates who must be provided with training. (CWIU & PPWAWU)

    3.4 To encourage the unions to negotiate time-off for women. (PPWAWU)

    3.5 To allow the ex-officio status for women in all structures to acquaint and familiarise themselves to the issues dealt with in the strategic major committees. (PPWAWU)

    3.6 To target a group of men to be trained on gender issues so to assist in women development. The barrier that exists between women and male workers need to be broken with a joint effort. (PPWAWU)

    3.7 The gender sub-committee of COSATU should play a more active role in the work of affiliates and report to the Executive which should ensure compliance with agreed positions by all affiliates. (NEHAWU)

    3.8 Appoint a staff member to assist in the coordination of the womenís forum.

    3.9 All affiliates to appoint full time gender coordinators

    3.10 National Womenís Movement

    In order to ensure the implementation of this resolution, the following measures must be taken: (CWIU)

    3.11 To work towards changing the National Gender Committee to a kind of movement that would address the needs for the disadvantage black women. (PPWAWU)

    3.12. Governance

    3.13 In the Workplace

    3.14 The Federation to do research into forms of affirmative action in the workplace. (CWIU)

    3.15 To actively campaign around health, safety and environmental issues affecting women workers - in particular; cervical cancer, aids and working conditions for pregnant women. (CWIU)

    3.16 All company Health and safety committees should include women. (CWIU)

    3.17 To continue to fight for the implementation and upgrading of parental rights in all workplaces. This will include paid maternity leave, paternity leave, child care leave and child care facilities. The following issues should become part of our demands in Centralised bargaining; (CWIU & PPWAWU)

    3.18 In the union: (CWIU)

    3.19 To take the following steps to encourage participation and leadership of women in all our activities and structures: (CWIU)

    3.20 Build our womenís structures as follows: (CWIU)

  7. Strengthen COSATU Structures
  8. 4.1 COSATU to strive for building the trade union movement and its capacity to defend and advance the transformation process in our country and the interests of workers and the working class. To strengthen the role and capacity of the federation in taking up the problems and challenges facing working people and their communities (NEHAWU, CWIU & SACTWU)

    4.2 COSATU to build programmes of unity in action to resist attempts by capital to divide and mislead workers.

    4.3 To request the CEC to address the staffing and financial situation of the trade union movement, in order to : (SACTWU)

    4.4 That affiliates should co-ordinate, through COSATU, their collective bargaining programmes, so that over a period of three years: (SACTWU)

    4.5 To build a stronger layer of leadership in order to compensate for the loss of skills as trade union activists are deployed in other structures, through: (SACTWU)

    4.6 To facilitate the growth of the federation through : (SACTWU)

  9. Worker Control
  10. 5.1 To strengthen worker control at all levels of COSATU. (CWIU)

    5.2 To advance worker control / participation and working class leadership at all levels of society based on class struggle. (CWIU)

    5.3 Promote worker participation in all structures outside COSATU (community, ANC, SACP and meetings with the State and Capital) (CWIU)

    5.4 Educate workers politically about the importance of worker control. (CWIU)

    5.5 That we continue to demand and struggle for working class control within the alliance and broad mass movement. (CWIU)

    5.6 To continue our struggle for socialism. (CWIU)

  11. Build Workersí Unity
  12. 6.1 View 1: That as COSATU we should recommit ourselves to the objective of uniting organised labour and establishing one trade union federation in South Africa. (NUMSA & NEHAWU)

    6.2 View 2: To actively promote the campaign for one country one federation through political attrition of NACTU and FEDUSA. (CWIU).

    6.3 Both NACTU and FEDUSA will feel more uncomfortable with a COSATU that continues to have strong ties with ANC and SACP. We should master how we can achieve worker unity, without diluting our ideological content and vision. The federation needs a frank and open discussion on this matter. (NEHAWU)

    6.4 To deepen the emerging co-cooperation and call on the federations not to confine their co-operation to NEDLAC but to strive for joint activity at an national level and regional co-operation around campaigns such as wage struggles. (CWIU & NUMSA)

    6.5 That as way of consolidating emerging co-operation and as a stepping stone to realising our objective of one-country, one-federation, COSATU should initiate talks with NACTU and FEDUSA, with the aim of establishing a loose confederation of trade unions (CONFTU) . CEC to explore and strategies options of a confederation (CWIU & NUMSA)

    6.6 When negotiating with other federations on the formation of a confederation, COSATUís mandate will be: (NUMSA)

  13. Constitutional Amendments
  14. 1. Amend clause 4.4 to exclude elected office-bearers of the federation and affiliates in the definition of an "Official".

    The new definition of an official to read thus:

    an employee of the federation or any of its affiliates other than an elected office bearer whose terms and, conditions are determined from time to time by the Executive Committee" (NUM)

    2. Amend clause 4.5 and define an office-bearer as:

    An office-bearer means a person who is elected to hold office in the federation nationally and regionally as specified in this constitution. (NUM)

    3. Add:

    An affiliate office-bearer means a person who is elected to hold office in any of the affiliated unions, nationally and regionally as specified by the respective affiliates constitution. (NUM)

    4. View 1: Amend clause 7.2.1 to read:

    Two representatives from each affiliated union with a membership of less than 100 000 at least one of whom must be a member or an elected office-bearer of such an affiliated union, and four representatives from each affiliated unions with a membership greater than 100 000, at least two of whom must be members or elected office-bearers of such affiliated union. (NUM)

    5. View 2: Central Executive Committee will have four representatives per affiliate which should be National Office Bearers of affiliated unions. COSATU National Office Bearers to ensure consistency of affiliates delegates. The Central Executive Committee shall the power to convene the Central Committee if the need arises. (NUMSA)

    6. Amend clause 7.5.1, second paragraph 2 to read:

    A quorum at meetings of the Central Executive Committee shall be representation by at least half of the affiliated unions in good standing, provided that at least half of the delegates shall be members or elected office-bearers of affiliated unions. (NUM)

    7. Amend clause 8.1 to read:

    Retain the clause as is amend from "Provided to read:

    .............., provided that at least one of the two delegates is a member or an elected office-bearer of such affiliates. (NUM)

    8. Amend clause 8.3.3 to read:

    A quorum for an Executive committee meeting shall be representation by at least half of the affiliated unions in good standing represented in the Central executive committee, provided that at least half of the delegates shall be members or elected office-bearers of affiliated unions. (NUM)

    9. View 1: That the National Congress continue to be the highest body which meets every five years (this is the important connection to the general election in terms of the general direction the country should take) (NEHAWU)

    10. View 2: National Congress shall meet every four years (NUMSA)

    11. View 2: The EXCO should continue to with the status Ė (Two representatives from each affiliate, Regional Secretaries and National Office Bearers. The EXCO meet once a month. National Office Bearers subject to recall. (NUMSA)

    12. Support a system of full time release from work for office bearers as a means of maintaining worker control and ensuring that the Office Bearers have time to do their defined jobs. COSATU to negotiate for LRA to be amended to give those COSATU National Office Bearers and Regional Office Bearers full time shop steward status and employment security. Until the LRA is amended we will have to campaign on the ground for these rights for the NOBs and ROBs (NEHAWU & NUMSA)

    13. View 1: The National Office Bearers should include:

    a) President

    b) Deputy Presidents from each sector

    c) General Secretary


    14. View 2: At the national level there shall 6 full time office bearers (2 officials and 4 workers elected) The National Office Bearers are subject to recall. (NUMSA)

    15. At the regional level the Regional Office Bearers must be full time shop stewards.

    The office bearers shall be made up of the Chairperson, Vice Chairperson, Treasurer who shall meet weekly. (NUMSA)

    16. The Regional Executive Committee which shall be constituted by two delegates from affiliates, Regional Secretary, and one worker delegate. The REC shall meet once a month. (NUMSA)

    17. Regional Shop Stewards Council shall meet twice a year and its main function should be mobilisation. (NUMSA)

    18. Regional Congress shall meet three times a year, its function shall remain the same. (NUMSA)

    19. The local have 4 Local Office Bearers. The locals shall meet weekly as a working structure. (NUMSA)

    20. Local Executive Committee shall be constituted by Local Office Bearers of affiliates and shall meet once per month. (NUMSA)

    21. The Local Shop Steward Council shall meet four to twelve times per year. (NUMSA)

    22. COSATU Local General Meeting For all COSATU members. Could also include wider working class. Meets as and when required. (NUMSA)

    23. Clause 17 of the Constitution be amended to read:

    24. That Congress should establish a Constitutional Sub-Committee comprising of at least one person per affiliate who must present, to the second CEC following Congress, proposed amendments to the Constitution which attempts to address the problems raised above as well as any agreed recommendations arising from the report of the September Commission. (SAMWU)

    25. Amongst others, the Committee should formulate proposals which:

  15. Strengthening the Farm Workers Union


    • 11.1. strengthening working class organisations

      11.2. fighting for a powerful role of the public sector

      11.3. experimenting with non-capitalist forms of ownership and notions of social capital (communally owned companies)

      11.4. introducing socialist forms of work organisation and management

      11.5. developing working class hegemony on issues such as sport, culture values, the media and politics.

      11.6. emphasising the concept of equality and ending all forms of discrimination and oppression, particularly that affecting women.

      11.7. demanding that the state begin to play a developmental role.

      11.8. reducing higher echelons of bureaucracy

      11.9. creating a more responsive state administration

      11.10 moving beyond traditional notions of capitalist democracy and introducing participatory forms of democracy.

      11.11 building accountability of government, of companies, of financial institutions, of pension fund investors, and of managers. (NEHAWU)

    • investment

    • planning

    • acquiring machinery and technology etc.

    • platforms to pursue this policy of extended collective bargaining at plant level

    • normal collective bargaining institutions

    • representations to the Board of Directors and shareholders general meeting.

      13.1. the nature and type of socialism that we are fighting for

      13.2. the strategy and tactics to be used to realise our socialist objective.

      13.3. short and long-term demands of the working class to be used in the march toward socialism.

      13.4. the social forces that will play a crucial role. (NUMSA)

      6.1. changes to the current employment ethos of these institutions in terms of personnel and content.

      6.2. campaign strongly for the re-introduction of pre-scribed assets.

      6.3. push for national tariff reform in respect of all basic services. This reform should include what constitutes life-line levels of service and makes provision for cross-subsidisation.

      6.4. COSATU members, and especially municipal workers, should become directly involved in building the Masakhane Campaign. (SAMWU)

    • developing a common programme for the Alliance

    • regular Alliance Summits to co-ordinate and guide the activities of Alliance partners

    • a strategy of how to rebuild the Alliance at all levels

    • establishing an Alliance political centre to be supervised by the Alliance secretariat (NUM)

      • The Tripartite Alliance to develop a clear transformation

      • Programme/Reconstruction Accord that will drive the Alliance

      • We do not believe that any `Accordí by the Tripartite Alliance will bring any qualitative improvement, on the contrary we do believe that such an Accord will be viewed as a replacement of struggle.


      There are different views on whether the common programme of the Alliance should take the form of an Alliance Accord.

      View 1: (PPWAWU)

      View 2: (NEHAWU, NUMSA)

      11.1. participation in CBOs

      11.2. engagement in the overhauling of the LDFs and participation therein

      11.3. COSATU Locals to research on community issues and to liaise with communities on these issues. (CWIU)

      1.1. providing the financial and human resources (CWIU/TGWU)

      1.2. educating the society at large about why they have to vote for the ANC (CWIU)

      a) going back to basics and reviving the structures

      b) electing accountable working class leaders at local, provincial and national levels

  2. 1. The political transformation in our country has presented us with new challenges and new points of struggles.

    2. One of the challenges that faces COSATU presently, is to concretely translate its commitment to socialism into a practical and understandable programme. (NUMSA)

    3. While this is clearly no easy task, our commitment to socialism is unwavering.

    4. The main strategic opponent of the working class has always been, and still is, domestic and international monopoly capital. (NEHAWU).

    5. In South Africa, we are faced with a nominally democratic state where economic power is still largely in the hands of a minority.

    6. The political arrangement that presently exists is a compromise born out of complex forces involved in the transition to democracy and not necessarily the ideal outcome for the working class and the disadvantaged. (NUMSA)

    7. As a federation our ultimate objective is transfer of political and economic power to the working class. (SADTU , CWIU).

    8. In line with this objective, COSATU re-affirms its commitment to the struggle for a socialist society. (TGWU, CWIU, SAMWU, SADTU, NUMSA, NEHAWU).

    9. COSATU must develop strategies which engage both the state and capital for the improvement of the material conditions of the majority, while developing a long-term vision of a socialist society. (NUMSA)

    10. Our policies, both in the short and long-term, must be underpinned by our ideological vision of a socialist society and the creation of a socialist state. (NUMSA).

    11. What this means is that COSATU has the responsibility to begin building socialism now. The federation needs to fight for building blocks towards socialism. Such building blocks should include:

    CO-DETERMINATION - a building block towards socialism?

    In NUMSAís submission on the September Commission, the union while welcoming the approach of building blocks towards socialism (measures that are to be taken and fought for now and that open the road towards socialism), questions the suggestion made by the Commission that COSATU should adopt a policy of co-determination and building a stakeholder society.

    As a counter to co-determination, labour should pursue a policy of extended collective bargaining. What this means is that as unions, we should fight for extending our role into areas that up to now have been considered as management prerogative viz:

    To achieve the above, legislation on corporate governance is needed. This legislation must compel companies to disclose to unions plans to go to Board of Directors and shareholders annual general meeting.

    In line with the above, unions must trigger workplace forums. Instead we must use traditional union structures.

    By raising accountability of companies in (11.11) it is not clear whether NEHAWU is in favour of the proposals in the September Commission on labour representatives on company boards of directors.

    12. For the above measures to be real building blocks towards socialism, they need to be located and form part of a broader socialist programme. (NUMSA).

    13. Such a programme needs to outline in detail:

    14. While COSATU must play a role in the formulation of such a programme, such a task is not only for the federation, but a mission for all socialist forces.

    15. As a recognition of the role that must be played by socialist forces outside of the federation, COSATU should develop its links with credible socialist organisations nationally and internationally in order to challenge capital on a global front.

    16. We also need to increase the depth of our relationship with the SACP as a political party with a socialist vision. (NUMSA)

    17. With the SACP, COSATU should develop mass media instruments (papers, programmes etc.) which give an alternative view of society, international issues and provide an outlet for socialist intellectual debate. (NUMSA, NEHAWU).

    18. As a way of developing a socialist programme, COSATU should internally educate and mobilise the working class about the importance of their role and contribution in realising socialism. Within COSATU and its affiliates this could take the form of Socialist Forums at local level. (NUMSA).

    19. Once a socialist programme has been developed, COSATU and SACP must call a Conference of Left Forces to discuss and jointly develop a broader programme for taking us to socialism, such a programme could include joint programmes of action, continuous discussion, education forums, etc. (NUMSA, SAMWU)

  4. 1. The present government was popularly elected by the people of SA (SARHWU)

    2. The majority of those that elected the present government are working people. (SARHWU)

    3. Unlike the previous government the present one is accommodative and is prepared to listen. (SARHWU)

    4. Although elected by the majority of working people the relationship of the ANC-led government with this base is shifting and changing (SARHWU)

    5. The adoption of GEAR constitutes and represents a clear indication of this shift and change of relationship. (SAMWU)

    6. Instead of standing on the side of its electoral and historical base (the working people and the poor), the ANC in government is slowly shifting to a position where it defines its role as that of a referee between labour and capital (SARHWU, NEHAWU)

    7. One of the reasons for the shift and change is the lack of accountability of those in government to ANC and Alliance structures outside of government (TGWU)

    8. The change identified above calls for a clearer and defined relationship and attitude to the present government. (SARHWU)

    9. Our relationship with the government should be both complimentary and conflictual. (SARHWU)

    10. What this means is that we should support the government when it adopts progressive policies, while we reserve the right to oppose it when it takes reactionary policies (SARHWU)

    11. Also important is to restructure the Tripartite Alliance in such a manner that the ANC in government is subject to political control by the ANC party structures and is guided by the policies of the Alliance (TGWU)

    12. COSATU must build the organisational authority of the ANC in all tiers of government, as a way of ensuring that Ministers and other elected representatives are not absorbed by new elite agendas (CWIU)

    13. As a way of impacting on the government, COSATU should seek greater levels of contact and accountability with MPs and people in government who were drawn from the labour movement and who still have a "left conscience". (SAMWU, NEHAWU)

    14. At a national level, COSATU must utilise NEDLAC as institution through which organised labour can influence socio-economic policies of the country. (NUMSA/CWIU )

    15. As a way of ensuring that the potential of NEDLAC for organised labour is fully exploited, COSATU should review and assess the performance of our delegation and greater effort should be made to ensure that all levels of the federation and its affiliates understand NEDLAC and our involvement. (NUMSA/CWIU)

    16. As a matter of urgency, the federation should convene a workshop of senior leadership to develop a strategy of how to involve Regions and Locals in NEDLAC processes (NUMSA, CWIU)

    17. Also critical for making government accountable to the working people and the poor, is a campaign by COSATU to have the countryís electoral system changed. (SACTWU)

    18. COSATU must propose an electoral system that combines a proportional party list system and constituency-based system. In such a system at least two thirds of MPs should be elected on a strict geographical constituency basis. (SACTWU)

  6. 1. The lack of capacity on the part of the councilors who are drawn from the democratic movement and their self-interest actions which are not based on the needs of the communities have led to tensions between local government employees (and their union- SAMWU) and the councilors. (SAMWU)

    2. The continued domination of statutory local government bodies by old order conservatives and the heavy reliance upon them by democratically elected councilors is a source of continued stagnation in the transformation of these institutions. (SAMWU)

    3. The restructuring and amalgamation of the internal administrations of local authorities is not proceeding smoothly and that this is having an effect on the extension of services to the historically disadvantaged masses. (SAMWU)

    4. As a means of solving the financial difficulties of many local authorities, the government is advocating privatisation and has set up Operation Viability to monitor the financial situation. (SAMWU)

    5. The radical restructuring of local government administrations and the methods of funding is essential for the survival of local governments and the effective delivery of services. (SAMWU)

    6. To give effect to this restructuring the following measures should be undertaken:

    7. Mechanism must be explored as to how to recall councilors who are not accountable to the communities they represent . (SAMWU)

    8. Many COSATU Shop/Shaft Stewards elected to local government should be developed so that they can have the necessary capacity to implement the working class programme. (NUM)

  8. 1. Despite the shifts on the part of the ANC in government and despite other obvious weaknesses of the Tripartite Alliance such as lack of a common programme, lack of accountability and co-ordination, the ANC-COSATU-SACP alliance remains the only vehicle capable of bringing about fundamental transformation of our country (PPWAWU, SAMWU, SADTU, CWIU)

    2. More than ever before, COSATU should maintain and strengthen the Alliance with the ANC and the SACP (CWIU, SAMWU, NUM, PPWAWU, SARHWU, SADTU, TGWU, NUMSA)

    3. Together with the policy of maintaining the Alliance, the federation needs a plan to revitalise the Alliance. Such a plan would entail:

    4. The common programme of the Alliance must be based and built on the RDP. It must centre around delivery of the basic needs of our people, particularly those in the rural areas (CWIU, NUM, SADTU, TGWU, PPWAWU)

    5. COSATU and its affiliates should consciously organise workers to engage in the structures of the Alliance at all levels to ensure that a working class bias in the programme and policies of the Alliance prevails. (TGWU)

    6. While COSATU should remain committed to the Alliance, such a commitment must be coupled with a vigorous defence of the federationís political independence. Partners must fearlessly but constructively criticise each other (CWIU)

    7. The CEC must be empowered to review from time-to time the workings of the Alliance (NUMSA)

  10. 1. Presently, there is a need for the struggles of the various mass organisations to be united and co-ordinated. (CWIU)

    2. For this purpose COSATU should initiate a broad popular movement for transformation around common struggles on issues facing the working class. (CWIU)

    3. The MDM/PMT is a necessary attempt to regroup the forces of democratic transformation and socialism and should not be seen as a narrow electoral coalition. (NEHAWU)

    4. It should rather be understood as a political centre for popular mass formations which currently lack a common agenda and programme. (NEHAWU)

    5. The forces for the MDM/PMT - from the Alliance, youth, civic, women, religious and progressive non-governmental organisations - need to be rallied behind a radical democratic and socialist agenda. (NEHAWU/NUMSA)

    6. The federation must forcefully articulate this position to ensure that the masses do not remain passive spectators in the transformation process of the country. (NEHAWU)

    Building Community Structures/CIVICS

    7. The civic movement has been in decline since the 1994 elections and it is characterised by SANCO adopting approaches that have serious potential to undermine its progressive watchdog role - i.e. becoming involved in privatisation initiatives at local government level. (SAMWU)

    8. The federation should regard the building of strong and democratic organs of civil society as important for the strengthening of our democracy and for ensuring that communities are able to mount effective campaigns around socialist orientated development. (SAMWU)

    9. COSATU should therefore actively participate in the rebuilding of the civic movement and engage SANCO on issues which have a direct effect on what the federation stands for - i.e. our opposition to the privatisation of municipal services. (SAMWU)

    10. COSATU should also link up with other progressive non-SANCO local civic structures that are not in conflict with the policies of the federation. (SAMWU)

    11. As part of the process of rebuilding the community structures, the federation should encourage the following:

  12. 1. COSATU should actively support and campaign for the ANC in the 1999 election by :

    2. COSATU members and leaders may be released to stand for elections at all levels. (CWIU/TGWU)

    3. Where a leader is a union official and he/she decides to stand his/her job will remain open until the election results have been announced. (CWIU)

    4. The release of any COSATU member onto the ANC election list must be linked to an agreement where COSATU will be officially recognised as the constituency to which these comrades are accountable. (TGWU)

  14. 1. There is a need to review the present deployment practice in which people sometimes deploy themselves to different positions without accountability to structures and thereby leading to the pursuance of narrow careerist interest at the expense of the transformation process. (NEHAWU)

    2. There are two views:

    View One :

    COSATU Office Bearers, as well as Office Bearers in member affiliates, at both national and provincial level, should be disallowed to stand as candidates for national and provincial leadership positions in the ANC structures.

    The federation can be flexible in releasing its leaders at the local level to serve in ANC structures. (SADTU)

    View Two:

    COSATU should be prepared to release capable leaders to stand for elections to leadership positions of the Alliance Partners.


  16. CWIU

    1 To ensure complete restructuring of the security service and build one with clear class conscience, transparent and whose aim is to uproot social ills in an integrated way of work with other public service sectors and the people

    2. Engagement in campaign for building and strengthening of community policing forums

    3. Ensuring integration of policing service with other services

    4. Educate workers and the people on effects of crime and how to deal with crime - build grassroots structures that will be responsive and decisive

    5. Locals, in liaison with the local communities should be responsible for planning defence activities against all forms of crime and violence


    1. Crime is on the rampage in our country.

    2. The increase in crime is due to various social problems.

    3. The very mode of economic system existing in our country is responsible for the high level of crime.

    4. The morale fibre of our social system is under threats by the ever-increasing crime.

    5. The crime currently affecting our country is an organised one; the elements of the former regime are involved in this crime.

    Believing that:

    1. Crime knows no colour

    2. Victims of crime come from all social backgrounds.

    Therefore resolve that:

    1. COSATU to mobilise against crime and violence against women and children.

    2. Campaign for a speedily transformation of police and justice system.

    3. To discourage members of the community from buying stolen goods.

    4. To review the whole bail system.

    5. To expose and report those corrupt police who are in cahoots with criminals.

    6. Encourage all COSATU members to participate in the CPF and support those dedicated police in fighting crime.

    Further resolve:

    1. To expose domestic violence within our communities.

    2. To prioritise child abuse and rape as crime that need to be fought by all South African.

    3. To tighten the legislation around private security companies.

    4. To mobilise our own communities and instill/build a culture of reporting about child abuse and rape.


    Noting that:

    1. The culture of policing in South Africa has not changed as a result of lack of transformation of the SAPS. While we note the good intentions of the Government to change the SAPS from a police force to the one that render service we are confronted with resistance from the old order police i.e. apartheid police & home lands.

    2. We also not the entire Criminal Justice Department are ridden with corruption.

    3. This is manifested through crime syndicates.

    4. Service to the community has suffered tremendously.

    5. The entire public service is in great danger of collapsing if such key departments are allowed to continue to be embroiled in corruption.

    We therefore resolve:

    1. To mobilise all workers to play an active and positive role in Community Policing Forums.

    2. To work closely with communities & urge them to report crime occurring in their places.

    3. To engage Safety & Security Ministry and MECs on transformation of SAPS.

    4. To closely monitor the deployment of both logistical and human resources to ensure service delivery particularly to crime ridden and disadvantaged areas.

    5. To work with the Independent Complaints Directorate to ensure that policemen involved in corruption and other unlawful activities are dealt with and discharged from the service.

    6. To urge Government & Business to create job opportunities to alleviate crime linked to poverty.



    1. Our country is afflicted by crime.

    2. A large part of this crime was inherited from apartheid in the form of corruption of ethical values.

    3. We also note that this is a product of socio economic problems of this country.

    Therefore resolves:

    1. To address underlying socio economic problems in our society, including the problem of public transport.

    2. That while some police are doing a good job, we must root out corruption within the police system.

    3. That there must be a review of the justice system including bail.

    4. That Prisoners must be rehabilitated so that when they come out of prison they will be useful members of society.

    5. That we commit ourselves as COSATU to participate in all attempts directed against crime. Therefore we should be "rotos" against crime

    6. That as part of this campaign we must try and crack organised crime.

    7. That a key element of community policing forums is to define their roles so that they can be effective.

    8. The media should redirect its education activities to assist in fighting crime.


    • major cuts in levels of tariff protection for local industries

    • financial deregulation - including lifting of exchange controls

    • reducing the active participation of the state in the economy - i.e. privatisation

    • flexibility in the labour market

    • export orientated economic strategies - making national economies dependent on the more industrialised countries.


      • job security

      • deregulation of the labour markets

      • neo-liberal macro-economic policy

      • privatisation of basic services

      • improvements in basic conditions of employment

      • reductions in social spending and social welfare.

        4.13.1 Build and strengthen the labour movement in Southern Africa

        4.13.2 Demand the representation of the federation in all multi-lateral trade negotiations.

        4.13.3 Imposition of strict regulations on labour rights abusing countries. (NUMSA)

    • 4.1. Promote democratic and worker controlled trade unions.

      4.2. Promote unity in a single country

      4.3. Actively build campaigns such as the anti-privatisation campaign.

      4.4. Promote the rights of women (SAMWU)

      4.5. Continue with other federations to support workers who are denied the right to organise by repressive regimes. (NUMSA)

      4.6. Option One : COSATU should embark upon an international week every year that would end with May Day celebrations focusing on a specific international theme. During that week , COSATU should produce posters, information, T-shirts in regard to the theme adopted. (NUMSA)

      Option Two : Campaign for an international day of action in all countries (on 1st September) every year, as the means to unite the separately fought struggles over: (SACTWU)

      4.7. Set aside at least 5% of the federationís annual income to build trade unionism in Southern Africa and other parts of the developing world, and that these programs be based on organising the unorganised, strengthening trade union campaigning capacity, and developing effective structures and practices of solidarity. (SACTWU)

      4.8. Give careful consideration to the establishment of a broader Solidarity Fund to be used to support the struggles of workers in other countries. (SAMWU)

      4.9. The CEC is to receive reports regularly on the progress made in this campaign, with a target of organising a million workers though these programs in the next three years. (SACTWU)

      4.10. To mobilise, educate and organise workers and people in the Southern African region, in South Africa and internationally against globalisation (CWIU)

      4.11 To vigorously campaign for a world economy based on Peopleís needs (CWIU)

      4.12 To embark on programmes within Labour ITCís, for redistribution of the international wealth (CWIU)

      4.13. In response to the effects of capital mobility, the following is proposed:

      4.1. Host the next Indian Ocean Region Conference and promote the establishment of a Solidarity Fund to which all participating centers would make contributions, as a means of funding the next Conference and thereby reducing the influence which major donors have on the proceedings. (SAMWU)

      4.2. Establish more concrete ties with unions in the South-South Region and develop a network of links with major unions which have a militant and democratic approach to economic and political issues which is similar to our own. ( SAMWU/CWIU)

      5.1. working with other progressive African trade union federations in building and strengthening OATUU and SATUCC on the basis of a progressive working class programme. (TGWU)

      5.2. organising exchange programmes for African shop stewards and Union officials. (TGWU)

      5.3. organising jointly with OATUU and SATUCC around a common programme of action targeting particularly anti-working class international programmes, organisations and multi-national companies. ( TGWU / CWIU / PPWAWU )

      5.4. COSATU affiliates should set up an African Shop Stewards Council where economic policies can be debated. ( NUMSA )

      8.1. the review of those provisions that are unfair and unjustified. (FAWU)

      8.2. the inclusion of the social clause in trade and investment agreements. (FAWU / PPWAWU)

  2. 1. Capitalism is becoming more global in its operations. The movement of bosses, capital, technology and products across borders is increasing. (CWIU/SACTWU)

    2. Globalisation has been marked by a concerted strategy by capitalists, in particular transnational corporations, to safeguard their interests and to destroy any thought of socialism. (SAMWU)

    3. The central tenets of this neo-liberal strategy are:

    4. More power is increasingly shifting to international institution like the WTO, World Bank and IMF which are being controlled by the most industrialised countries. (SACTWU/CWIU/FAWU)

    5. In the name of globalisation and international competitiveness there is a new ideological attack on worker rights, trade unions and labour standards. Increasingly, investment is being shifted to countries where no unions are allowed. (SACTWU)

    The Response of International Trade Union Movement

    6. The neo-liberal strategy has had success in rolling back gains workers have made in highly unionised societies and in preventing the growth of strong trade unionism in other societies. (SACTWU)

    7. The labour movement has fought each of the symptoms of this new global onslaught separately, and not always very successfully, in countries such as South Africa, Brazil, Korea, France, Ghana and the United States. (SACTWU)

    8. The international work of COSATU and its affiliates have tended to be more ceremonial in nature and content. (SAMWU)

  4. 1. The trade union movement is more vital and necessary now, as the voice of those displaced by economic adjustments and the brutal policies followed by the international business community. (SACTWU)

    2. A successful response under these conditions requires a serious review of current separate, and uncoordinated struggles, and requires too that we need to develop new tactics, and adjust our strategies in this new period, to more effectively promote the cause of solidarity in economic and social policy, in international work, and in the daily struggles of affiliates. (SACTWU / SAMWU)

    3. COSATU must counter the free market system and deepen the crisis of imperialism by developing an alternative humanistic project consistent with a socialist perspective. (FAWU/CWIU)

    4. To pursue the above the federation needs to do the following :

  6. 1. The decision to affiliate to the ICFTU was a progressive one and must be re-confirmed. (PPWAWU / CWIU / SAMWU / SARHWU)

    2. COSATU should work closely with other progressive forces within the ICFTU and the affiliates should engage their respective ITSs in transforming the ICFTU. (PPWAWU)

    3. Whilst confirming affiliation to the ICFTU, COSATU should strive to build maximum unity amongst workers - including the WFTU, WCC etc. - and thereby strive towards one progressive international federation. (CWIU / PPWAWU / SARHWU / SAMWU)

    4. Part of the process of re-aligning the international democratic forces within the trade union movement, COSATU should attempt the following :

  8. 1. The African continent is characterised by major struggles for democracy. (TGWU)

    2. The Structural Adjustment and other economic programmes imposed by the IMF, World Bank and the imperialist countries remain the single greatest threat to this democratisation process as they unleash a massive attack on the living standards of the people. (TGWU)

    3. The interest of South African workers are integrally linked to those of workers in the region and entire continent. (CWIU)

    4. The unity of workers in the region and Africa become more important as more and more companies, both South African and international, have operations in various countries in the region and on the continent. (CWIU)

    5. It is therefore imperative for COSATU to actively and concretely support the development of strong, independent worker controlled unions in Africa by : (TGWU / CWIU / SARHWU)

    6. In order to overcome the fragmentation of co-ordination of labour federations in Africa, COSATU should strive to merge both the ICFTU Afro structure and OATUU. ( PPWAWU ).

  10. 1. Both the IMF and WTO with its GATT have caused the further impoverishment of the poorer countries creating a re-colonisation of these countries. (CWIU / FAWU)

    2. COSATU accepts that South Africa must become integrated into the world economy and this would mean ongoing involvement with the IMF and WB. But these multilateral institutions should not have the right to dictate economic policy to independent countries. (SACTWU)

    3. Though the IMF has attack the wage rates in South Africa it has remain silence on the apartheid wage gap. (SACTWU)

    4. Though international institutions should serve the needs of all citizens, the structure of the IMF allows for domination by imperialist countries, who are able to hide their interests under the cloak of objective economic advice. (SACTWU)

    5. Such advice has destroyed sections of the Zimbabwean economy and forcing the Zimbabwe to appeal for special trade agreements with South Africa. (SACTWU)

    6. COSATU should condemn the activities of the IMF in South Africa and call on the government to remain true to the Reconstruction and Development Programme drawn up jointly by the Alliance which sees the need for massive income redistribution. (SACTWU)

    7. COSATU should convene an international conference involving trade unions, community groups, political parties, NGOs and sympathetic government officials, to discuss how best to respond to this new imperialism and to exchange experiences and programmes.( SACTWU / NUMSA)

    8. While South Africa observes the WTO rules and provisions, COSATU should wage a campaign calling for :

    9. COSATU will continue to develop its links with working class organisations internationally so it can negotiate with such institutions on the broadest possible front. (SACTWU)


    1. Strengthen COSATU`s role in NEDLAC through greater accountability of NEDLAC representatives, regular report backs to workers and a programme of mass action to back up working class demands. (CWIU)
      • affordable medicines for all

      • affordable, decent housing provided by the state

      • free and compulsory education for all until the completion of high school. (SACTWU)

        a) The Social Equity document

        b) The RDP

        c) COSATUís 1992 Economic Policy Conference resolutions (CWIU)

    • 1. To engage in a programme that re-asserts the alliance and the liberation movement to one which is sensitive to the interests of the working people and the poor in general. (CWIU)

      2. To engage the government as a Federation in the drafting of a programme which must ensure meeting the needs of all citizens in the country. (SADTU)

      3. COSATU must campaign for the re-instatement of the Reconstruction and Development Programme on the centre stage of the government the Alliance and all progressive organisations in our country. (CAWU)

      4. Our ideological vision of a socialist society and the creation of a socialist state must underpin our economic policies. (NUMSA)

      5. COSATU accepts that the economy must be dramatically restructured to meet the pressure of international integration and the eradication of social inequality in its population. (NUMSA)

      6. It understands that this process will not be without pain for its members but the pain must be distributed equally to other sections of the society. (NUMSA)

      7. We remain committed to the vision outlined in the RDP

      Eliminate Poverty, low wages and extreme inequalities in wages and wealth generated by the apartheid system, meet basic needs, and thus ensure that every South African has a decent standard of living and economic security and to create productive employment opportunities at a living wage for all South Africans. (clause 4.2.2 RDP Base Document) (NUMSA)

      8. The only way to achieve this objective is if the South African economy grows substantially. Historically this kind of growth has only happened when government has intervened and invested in the economy. (NUMSA)

      9. We cannot rely on private sector investment, international market forces and the reduction of government expenditure to create the kind of growth that will create jobs. (NUMSA)

      10. COSATU and the organs of civil society should approach Government to express their dissatisfaction with GEAR. (NUMSA)

      11. COSATU completely rejects the "Growth for all Strategy" of the business controlled South African Foundation as a narrow attempt to entrench the bias in the economy towards large corporate interests at the expense of the majority. (NUMSA)

      12. We accept that South Africa must become integrated into the world economy. This will mean ongoing involvement with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. But these multilateral institutions should not have the right to dictate economic policy to independent countries. COSATU will continue to develop its links with working class organisations internationally so it can negotiate with such institutions on the broadest possible front. (NUMSA)

      13. To strengthen the campaign to close the apartheid wage gap, and in particular the gap between the income of the top and bottom earners in a company. (SACTWU)

      14. To fight for policies which develop access to social services to all, where applicable at affordable prices, through the public sector, and these should include:

      15. To mobilise, organise and educate the SA society on the nature and implications that GEAR has on the development of our society. (CWIU)

      16. To work towards building an economy that appreciates our natural resources and adds value to them for the benefit of our country. (CWIU)

      17. To campaign against all areas of Gear: privatisation, welfare grants, job cuts, jobless growth, etc. (CWIU)

      18. To unite with civic, youth, student, women and other organisations to campaign against GEAR and using as a common programme :

      19. To mobilise, organise and educate the SA society on the nature and implications that GEAR has on the development of our society. (CWIU)

      20. Strengthen COSATUís role in NEDLAC through greater accountability of NEDLAC representatives, regular report backs to workers and a programme of mass action to back up working class demands. (CWIU)

      21. To vigorously campaign for a world economy based on Peopleís needs. (CWIU)

      22. To embark on programmes within Labour International Trade Secretariats, for redistribution of the international wealth. (CWIU)

      • (a) land

        (b) water

        (c) electricity

        (d) health

        (e) education

        (f) transport (NUMSA)

        1. There should be co-ordination and realignment of existing enterprises. The state must have a plan for its economic activities in its parastatals e.g. how many lines Telkom will provide, where and within what time frame.

        2. COSATU should draw up a balance sheet on current privatisation programme and the role of the Unions in it.

        3. On the basis of this balance sheet COSATU should revisit the NFA and move from the approach which encourages sectoral approaches to restructuring of state assets. Because of the adverse implications of privatisation, COSATU should be central in negotiating restructuring.

        4. In implementing this, COSATU should look at how activities of different enterprises can be realigned and what is considered as non-core by one enterprise can be a building block for new parastatals or can be transferred to other parastatals.

        5. As part of its expansion programme, COSATU must investigate the establishment of a financial parastatal.

        6. While COSATU is campaigning for financial parastatal, we need to fight for regulation of macro-lending sector "cash loans".

        7. As a matter of urgency, COSATU should oppose further deregulation of this sector as this is leading our members into serious debt.

        8. Government must set a ceiling on the interest rate that this sector charges.

        9. As a way of transforming parastatals, labour must advocate the policy of worker reps on the Board of Directors.

        10. These worker reps should act on the mandate of the Union and should pursue a transformation agenda.

        11. This policy of having worker reps on the Board of Directors should apply to all companies where the state has majority shares, even if this is through the IDC.

        12. We support the transformation of development and financial institutions e.g. IDC, DBSA etc.

    • 1.1 It will only accept the restructuring of state assets if our existing employment base is defended and if social services are extended to the entire population. Where state assets are sold, the finances generated should be used to create a social welfare net. (NUMSA)

      1.2 The following key assets for the provision of social services should not be privatised:

      1.3 If these social services are already in state hands, we should defend them; if not they should be nationalised. (NUMSA)

      1.4 COSATU should consider various types of partnerships between parastatals or other arrangements with the corporate sector as long as these partnerships or other arrangements are based on maximising benefits for its constituency and consumers as a whole. (NUMSA)

      1.5 The Government should carefully look at relinquishing ownership of state assets on a case by case basis without abdicating its responsibility to deliver services to communities. (NUMSA)

      1.6 Further Recommendations (NUMSA):

      1.7 The private sector is emerging as an alternative route for employment especially in the manufacturing sector. (SADTU)

      1.8 This increasing role between private and public will need a special focus particularly on our strategy for job creation. (SADTU)

      1.9 It will be necessary for COSATU to formulate a policy that will underpin our strategy on job creation through private- public partnership. (SADTU)

      2.1 Wholesale privatisation would impoverish our people (CWIU)

      2.2 We organise a campaign to educate and mobilise the working class against privatisation. (SAMWU)

      2.3 We fight to reinstate the nationalisation demands of the Freedom Charter with respect, in the first instance, to those services which are basic human rights. (SAMWU)

      1.1 To further stimulate the economy the previously incurred debt must be scrapped. Alternatively it should be paid at favourable terms. (SADTU)

      1.2 COSATU to call all other sympathetic organisations to join a campaign to scrap all debt incurred by apartheid to redirect this money to improving the lot of the working class and the poor. (CWIU)

      1.3 To this end COSATU together with NGOs and supportive organisations will call for and organise a special conference before the end of 1997, to develop a programme of action for the scrapping of all debt (CWIU)

      1.4 That COSATU actively support the international campaign against foreign debt. (CWIU, SAMWU)

      1.5. We campaign, in the short term, for the one Rand in five currently used to service the public debt, to be allocated to RDP projects. (SAMWU)

      2.1 "Odious debt" (foreign debt) incurred by the previous government has to be reviewed. (NUMSA)

      2.2 The Government should critically look at the internal debt repayment in terms of the period, interest rate, and re-evaluate those that were used to destroy underprivileged communities. (NUMSA)

      2.3 Government should investigate other sources of borrowing that would not lead to an escalation of interest and also should explore creating its own institutions of borrowing. (NUMSA)

      a. Community participation in the project development

      b. Capacity building as it relates to human resource development and training programmes

      c. Diversification of investment to avoid possible failures

      d. Backward and forward linkages to stimulate local and regional industries to such zones

      e. Guarantee labour standards

      f. RDP based development. (NUMSA)

    • To put strategies in place that protect and restructure our existing formal sector industries while laying the ground work for new areas of employment (a Social Plan). We should focus on developing high value added manufacturing and service industries in the context of increasing Southern African economic co-operation.

    • To put in place a social welfare base (i.e. health care, shelter, transport, and access to economic opportunity - land and capital):

        a) that improves the standard of living of those (the majority?) at the bottom of the income scale and

        b) provides for those who are affected by the restructuring of formal sector companies/industries. (NUMSA)

      (a) all changes to work organisation must engender productivity not competition between workers

      (b) education and training must provide portable skills, improve productivity, give workers access to technological development, multi-skill workers (and not multi-task them)

      (c) any agreement on wages of guaranteed inflation plus productivity increases could only be agreed if there is improvement in the social wage of the working class i.e. an increase in social pensions, improvement to public transport, housing, health care, land, legislation to force all employers to pay for retirement funds of all workers in the formal sector, or a combination of all of these.

      (d) No Accord can be signed on the basis of agreeing to wages less than inflation unless there was some guarantee from Business and Government on effective price controls. (NUMSA)

      6.1. A meeting of the Alliance to reach consensus on a common vision, policy and a way forward.

      6.2. Develop a comprehensive fisheries policy.

      6.3. Engage Minister Pallo Jordan, ANC study group and parliament committee on the policy. (FAWU)

      3.1 Land reform and tourism

      3.2 Reforming Trust Land

      3.3 The role of the Land Bank to carry out effective transformation

      3.4 Certain changes to the constitution i.e. property clause. (NUMSA)

      1. We reject free market purity in favour of interventionist policies. But we do not want the removal of market forces altogether. Market forces on their own will not build internationally competitive industries and they will not always work in the national social and economic interest. For example, market forces may not see the value in generic education and training but rather favour expenditure on narrow short term task-specific skills. An interventionist approach could employ taxation sticks and incentive carrots to encourage industries to invest in education and training. (NUMSA)

      2. We have to move our industry policy away from the bias towards commodity production to a strategy for the development of more high value-added products for both domestic consumption (import replacement) and exports. COSATU believes that current strategies (e.g. cluster studies, Spatial Development Initiatives) place too much reliance on existing commodity and semi-processed raw material production as the basis of industry policy. This is particularly important as the continuing support and extension of these industries (e.g. the new ISCOR plant at Saldanha) encourages capital intensive production rather than labour intensive production. (NUMSA)

      3. We will argue out our interventionist policies in NEDLACís Trade and Industry Chamber. It will also have to do some hard thinking about which sectors offer long term growth potential and which ones donít. There are some areas where the high skill, high wage scenario cannot survive and it will be necessary to develop adjustments for those industries or sectors. Some of these sectors employ COSATU members so our attitude will have a direct effect on their employment. (NUMSA)

      4. South Africaís economy and particularly its labour market are impossible to separate from the Southern African region. Since the election of a democratic government, our regional neighbours are complaining more and more that their less protected industries are swamped with products from South Africa. There is no value for South Africa in destroying the regionsí industries as they will eventually be unable to pay for South African imports and our industries will suffer. (NUMSA)

      5. Instead we should see the region as the greatest long term potential as a market for South African goods and services. However it will remain potential for as long as it is economically underdeveloped. In the development of the Southern African economies we should not only rely on private investment but also use the potential for collective action by public enterprise (e.g. transport, utilities) to increase regional economic growth. (NUMSA)

      6. In developing sectoral industry policies we should be conscious of the potential for co-operative development particularly in those industries that our cost structure cannot sustain. Japanís use of its Asian neighbours represents a useful, if not always savoury, model of this process. (NUMSA)

      7. Practically for COSATU this means a greater emphasis on our international activity in our region. (NUMSA)

      Local Content

      8. An Industrial Policy must have a local content provision in the final product. (NUMSA)

      9. We reject the current relaxation of local content provision as it has led to the collapse of the white goods sector and the envisaged telecommunication agreement with AT&T. (NUMSA)

      1. Tariff reduction without supporting policies in affected sectors leads to job losses. (NUMSA)

      2. We object to the governmentís rapid reduction to the agreed time frames. (NUMSA)

      3. We therefore call for an immediate moratorium on any further reductions particularly those sectors that are geared towards the support of the RDP. (NUMSA)

      4. We call for the setting up of a tripartite-partite forum funded by the IDC to do an audit of the effects of tariff reductions on particular sectors or industries and make proposals to renegotiate the agreement with WTO. This forum should also investigate how foreign policy impacts on those trade agreements. (NUMSA)

      5. We support the proposal by COSATU for the replacement of GEIS (hasnít this gone now???) with a National Restructuring Fund that assists companies to address the fundamental problems of uncompetitiveness in the areas of education and training, technology upgrades and work organisation. (NUMSA)

      • 1.1. Invest in boosting the productive capacity

        1.2. Invest in labour intensive sectors that create jobs

        1.3. Emphasis to be on training and skill development

        1.4. Adherence to labour laws. (NUMSA)

    • 1. We need an Investment Code that will require prospective investors to do the following:

      2. The IDCís future role should be geared towards job creating activities that address the basic needs of our people. (NUMSA)

      3. We recognise the current problem of the IDC now in that it concentrates on mega-projects which create very few jobs. We call for the reorientation of the IDC from its focus on capital intensive mega-projects to incorporate labour intensive projects as well. (NUMSA)

      4. The IDC board should be restructured and a labour representative be seconded to the board. (NUMSA)

      5. Local investment socio-economic upliftment programmes be encouraged through 5% procurement of retirement funds. (NUMSA)

      6. Government should invest in infrastructural developments. (NUMSA)

      1. Government should provide incentives to SMMEs but not at the expense of workers. (NUMSA)

      2. SMMEs should be used as a tool for collective empowerment instead of self-enrichment. (NUMSA)

      1. To campaign that any special affirmative action for black business must be linked to respect for workers rights. (SACTWU)

      2. To request COSATU to meet with black business organisations and to discuss labour practices policies. (SACTWU)

      1. Cluster studies should be needs-driven and linked to RDP initiatives, example housing delivery programme (finished product determine the establishment of clusters) (NUMSA)

      2. We reject the notion of export-driven studies. (NUMSA)

      3. Our participation in the cluster studies should be to defend the interests of workers, particularly changes to work organisation. (NUMSA)

      4. We should secure funding (IDC, DTI, Japanese Grant Fund) for training and capacity building for our comrades participating in these structures. (NUMSA)

      5. Develop report-back and mandating mechanisms throughout these processes. (NUMSA)

      • 1.1. import/export controls on strategic materials (energy, steel etc.)

        1.2. costs and efficiency of transport (rail, road and shipping policy) and communications,

        1.3. design and environmental regulations,

        1.4. exploration permits and mineral and energy policy, (NUMSA)

    • 1. The pricing of raw materials is a major restriction on the ability of higher value added industries to become internationally competitive. e.g. the price of ISCORís steel for a local manufacturer is 60% higher than if the same manufacturer were to buy ISCOR steel in another country. Government can change this both through its ownership (IDC) and policy approaches such as:

      2. Infrastructure development will have a major impact on both basic living conditions and foreign exchange earning industries, particularly tourism. (NUMSA)

      3. Governmentís interventions should be biased towards the satisfaction of the basic needs of our people. (NUMSA)

      • 2.1 Adherence to current labour standards

        2.2 Sustainable job creation and displace employment

        2.3 Strict monitoring mechanisms on their progress (NUMSA)

    • 1. These to be re-evaluated in line with the objectives of the RDP. (NUMSA)

      2. With regard to SMMEs the following should be observed:

      1. Any competition policy should not lead to job losses, down-grading of labour standards and deterioration of social welfare. (NUMSA)

      • 1.1 The policies must not be used to keep firms alive which fail to meet minimum standards;

        1.2 Policies must be transparent so that corruption can be minimised;

        1.3 Establishing competitive relations between firms may not be the most effective policy;

        1.4 Decisions should not be made simply by judging the good or service, but also the production process etc.;

        1.5 Centralised purchasing can only be relaxed after basic standards have been achieved;

        1.6 The establishment of national markets should not be jeopardised by misguided regional, local or agency devolution;

        1.7 Assistance should be provided for new or innovative firms which are considering tendering; and

        1.8 Purchasing policy should be tied to research and development efforts. (NUMSA)

    • 1. Pressure Government to ensure that any State Procurement Policy complies with the following conditions:

      2. Call for the restructuring of the state tender board and an immediate institution of a commission of enquiry to investigate contracts that have been awarded. If any government employee is found to be guilty of colluding with parties to get the tender, s/he should be criminally charged. Laws to be passed to enable this to take place.

      3. The government should remain a non-signatory to the WTOís Procurement Policy so as to avoid parastatals e.g. Eskom, Telkom, purchasing equipment abroad.

      3.1. All taxes should be progressive (low for the poor, high for the rich)

      3.2. Sufficient resources should be available for the efficient collection of tax;

      3.3. The system should allow for effective exemption for unemployed, as well as those who receive disability and social pensions;

      3.4. Zero rating for basic commodities;

      3.5. All citizens should be registered for tax purposes;

      3.6. pension and provident funds should be exempt from tax at retirement;

      3.7. Effective fringe benefit, luxury, and capital gains taxes (NUMSA)

    • the introduction of a capital gains tax

    • increasing the top tax rate for those earning huge salaries

    • exempting further basic goods from VAT, and introducing a higher rate for luxury goods. (SACTWU)

      2.1. They advance high interest rates

      2.2. They advance a one-sided approach on cutting down inflation

      2.3. They encourages us to consider a mythical notion that the lack of investment in South Africa is the result of non-saving. (NUMSA)

      3.1. We demand the restructuring and democratisation of the Reserve Bank.

      3.2. Elected representatives should control the Reserve Bank. (NUMSA)

      1.1. The lowering of labour standards

      1.2. Job losses (NUMSA)

      2.1. Close the apartheid wage gap

      2.2. Train and develop the workforce

      2.3. Through NEDLAC guide the impact of Public Works Programmes to ensure training in communities and job creation. (NUMSA)

      • 1. Outsourcing should not downgrade conditions of employment of workers in the same industry. (NUMSA)

        2. The employers should consult unions 6 months prior to outsourcing. (NUMSA)

        3. There should be full disclosure of information. (NUMSA)

        1. These should be regulated and workers in these sectors should enjoy full rights and benefits of full-time workers. (NUMSA)

        1. Wages should be separated from productivity incentives. (NUMSA)

        2. There should be a national minimum wage. (NUMSA)

        1. All workers should enjoy access to paid training. (NUMSA)

        2. We support COSATUís position on a 4% levy on companies for training. (NUMSA)

        • 2.1. Requiring companies which tender for government contracts, to sign an anti-scab code.

          2.2. Requiring companies receiving any government incentives, such as export and regional economic development incentives, to sign an anti-scab clause.

          2.3. Agreeing not to use scab labour in areas of the public sector, and parastatals, where workers are striking legally. (NUMSA)

      • 1. To campaign for the prohibition of scab labour in legislation. (NUMSA)

        2. To call on the government to put an end to the use of scab labour through:

        3. To campaign in all industries for an end to scab labour, by putting a demand to employers in all our bargaining forums. (NUMSA)

        4. To link any discussion on productivity at plant level, with a demand for an end to scab labour. (NUMSA)

        • 1.1 the duty to bargain

          1.2 the right to strike over individual dismissals

          1.3 the right to strike

          1.4 exclude the right to lock - out

          1.5 an improved severance package - of no less than four (4) weeks per year of service - for retrenched workers

          1.6 when challenging the unfairness of a retrenchment, COSATU must demand compensation for the loss of future earnings and personal belongings

          1.7 COSATU will embark on a campaign, through collective bargaining, to fight for the above issues to be agreed by employers in the industry different industries. (CWIU)

          8.1 COSATU will continue to campaign for better workers rights.

          8.2 COSATU encourage the continuation of the process for the membership Education on these Laws. The Congress instructs its Education structures to reflect this objective in its annual programmes of Education. (CWIU)

      • 1. That COSATU must fight for better than minimum provisions which are reflected in the LRA; and in that regard, ensure that it includes demands on the following provisions :

        2. That CCMA Commissioners not include Company Industrial Consultants - whether presently practising or not (CWIU)

        3. COSATU must re-affirm the current policy around Workplace Forums. (CWIU)

        4. COSATU would pursue the fight for duty to Bargain as an amendment to the LRA. (CWIU)

        5. COSATU should remain opposed to workplace forums as per the provisions in the LRA. Powers of Work Place Forums must be transferred to the Shop Steward Committees. The EXCO will be responsible to co-ordinate these activities. (CWIU)

        6. The Congress mandates the EXCO to open and initiate comprehensive discussion on the Close Shop and study its implication at all levels. (CWIU)

        7. In order to address the problem of free-riders, COSATU affiliated unions should trigger the Agency Shop as stipulated in section 25 of the new LRA where unions are in majority. (CWIU)

        8. To embark on the following Action Plan:

        • (a) Downward Variation which will allow companies to attack maternity

          and child care rights,

          (b) Responsibility leave is only three days and includes compassionate

          leave and excludes casuals,

          (c) It provides for sick leave to be reduced to 75%, in exchange for an unpaid day off. (CWIU)

      • 1. The proposed BCE Bill has many provisions that will affect women workers negatively such as;

        2. Companies will use these provisions by reducing the sick leave and

        maternity leave. (CWIU)

        3. To reject the variation model of the BCE Bill and campaign for all rights be

        extended to casuals and tempís. (1997) (CWIU)

        1. There is a need for extensive challenge of the sexual division of labour and stereotypes that limit women`s access to certain positions. (NUMSA)

        2. Encourage employment of women in our sectors and abolish gender bias in promotion and recruitment procedures (e.g. biases in advertisements) (NUMSA)

        3. Employers should implement affirmative action programmes to redress the sexual division of labour by employing females in typical male jobs. (NUMSA)

        4. Education & Training in companies should target women and ABET should be run during working hours with paid education leave. (NUMSA)

        5. Job-creation schemes should prioritise the employment of women. (NUMSA)

        6. The state & employers should assist with the implementation of childcare facilities to facilitate the full participation of women in the workplace and with parental rights agreements. (NUMSA)

        1. That COSATU work towards an increase in the employment of women in all areas of work and especially in higher paid job categories. This requires a conscious attempt to integrate gender aspects in COSATU affiliate wage policies by linking the demand of equal wages for equal work and equal wages for work of equal value to the living wage campaign. This will ensure that affiliates take up the struggle against the oppression and exploitation of women, ensuring that this is not regarded as a "womenís" issue but a problem of every member of the union. (NUMSA)

        1. Support implementation of CEDAW, Beijing Platform of Action and the Womenís Charter for effective equality. (NUMSA)

        2. Participate in the process towards the formation of a movement for the emancipation of women. (NUMSA)

        • confidentiality

        • report procedure

        • procedures for settling grievances

        • informal procedure

        • correctional / disciplinary procedures

        • dispute resolution

        • implementation of policy. (NUMSA)

      • 1. Sexual harassment must be outlawed. (NUMSA)

        2. We need to define policy principles and adopt a code on Sexual Harassment. (NUMSA)

        3. Such a code to include sections on:

        1. COSATU should avoid entering an accord which leads to deteriorating employment standards and wage freeze. (NUMSA)

        2. That wage negotiations in the public service be entered into with a view to reducing the wage gap. (SADTU)

        3. That the government be caused to agree to an annual wage increase of no less than the rate of inflation as a matter of policy. (SADTU)

        1. That the government must legislate Affirmative Action, and it should prescribe the quota`s / demographics and should have penalties on companies that do not perform. (SARHWU)

        2. To use the parastatals to ensure that blacks are affirmed like the poor Afrikaners were (SARHWU)

        • what is it?

        • how is it transmitted?

        • how to avoid it?

        • consequences thereof?

      • 1. To start and intensify environmental awareness at schools, churches, workplaces and in the community at large. (NUMSA)

        2. To direct the cleaning campaign towards employment creation through the recycling of materials like paper, tins, aluminium, steel, iron, copper, etc. (NUMSA)

        3. That youth and women, in particular, as they form a higher percentage of the unemployed, should be fully trained to play an important role in the recycling process. (NUMSA)

        4. That our training and education institutions should promote the recycling process as an important light industry. (NUMSA)

        5. That the government should provide financial assistance towards the establishment of the light industry. (NUMSA)

        Aids (NUMSA)

        1. AIDS: Government should subsidise the costs of medicines to assist the poor

        2. There is a dire need for education on AIDS awareness:

        Government should not run these AIDS awareness programmes

        3. More research must be done in order to find a cure for the disease.

        4. There should be no discrimination against people/workers who have contracted AIDS

        5. There should be no tests for AIDS for purposes of employment

        6. Proper provisions relating to core schemes, medical aid, provident fund and insurance schemes to take care of AIDS sufferers.

        1 COSATU and the Alliance should campaign for laws to protect and eradicate child labour.(SAAPAWU)

        2 The voting age and Identity Document age limit should either be reduced to 16 years or the child labour age should be 18 years.(SAAPAWU)

        3 COSATU should mobilise funds for the campaigns to highlight the plight of the children. (SAAPAWU)

        4 COSATU to mobilise/pressurise government to implement ILO Conventions. (SAAPAWU)

        • the development of our productivity capacities

        • job creation (NUMSA)

            • 1) strategic business plans

              2) introduction of new technology

              3) use of machines and line speed

              4) plant utilisation and layout

              5) benchmarks, targets and production schedules

              6) product development plans

              7) work organisation and work processes

              8) quality assurance programme

              9) working time and patterns

              10) company and organisational structure

              11) investments in human and capital resources

              12) social responsibility programmes

              13) training and skills formation

              14) grading

              15) person-power planning

              16) affirmative action programmes

              17) productivity and performance assessment

              18) remuneration, bonuses, incentive schemes and wage structure

              19) wealth sharing schemes and dividends policy

          • 6.1.1 For many years management has unilaterally restructured our workplaces. But the campaign of restructuring by management has intensified as each company strives for competitiveness.

            6.1.2 Depending on the company`s agenda, unions have or have not been involved in the process.

            6.1.3 Big and wealthy companies have tried to implement their restructuring proposals with the blessing of unions.

            6.1.4 It is high time that as a union we should put forward a programme of workplace democratisation, in line with our ideal of workers control. As a union we must demand that the following issues should be negotiated with unions:

            6.1.5 By demanding that the above be negotiated with unions, we are calling for collective bargaining rights to be extended to the areas highlighted above. (NUMSA)

            6.2.1 Whenever we negotiate workplace change programmes we must insist on dispute resolution mechanisms that will give us the space to choose what weapons to use to further our interests.

            6.2.2 It is for this reason that we must reject proposals for compulsory arbitration. Arbitration must be voluntary and we must reserve our right to take independent action if we are in dispute on the above issues. (NUMSA)

              • investment decisions

              • changes to company structures

              • strategic business plans

              • targets, schedules and line speed

              • production planning systems

              • quality issues

              • personnel planning

              • new work methods and work re-organisation

              • restructuring the workplace

              • product development plans

              • introduction of new technology

              • merit increases and bonuses

              • company social responsibility programmes

              • national frameworks on how to deal with the above issues at plant level

              • industry-wide model disciplinary code

              • industry-wide guidelines for hiring, transfer and promotion

              • guidelines on mergers and transfers

              • guidelines on partial and total closures (NUMSA)

            • Company level: They demand to have the right to negotiate on:

              Central level: The need for:

            • the right for the union to be directly involved in the negotiations. In multi-union

            • plants and where management argues that we are not representative, we must opt for joint union structures where unions that are active in the plant will be proportionally represented

            • voluntary dispute resolution mechanism

            • the duty of the employers to disclose information. (NUMSA)

          • 6.3.1 that as a federation we recommend that COSATU affiliates should not trigger workplace forums.

            6.3.2 that instead of getting involved in co-determination structures, affiliates should fight for extended collective bargaining to negotiate issues relating to production and issues which up to now have been regarded as management prerogative

            6.3.3 that affiliates should put to employers in the next round of negotiations that at:

            6.3.4 that in our fight for the above we must insist on:

            6.4.1. 200 hours of training should be guaranteed but not limited for all workers.

            6.4.2. Training should be offered during working hours. If after working hours, it must be paid.

            6.4.3. How this works must be dealt with at plant level.

            6.4.4. Fight for the creation of a labour pool at industry level and deal with details at a plant level. (NUMSA)

            6.5.1. The process must be jointly administered by management and union. Both parties must be trained as RPL assessors.

            6.5.2. RPL is compulsory for employers but assessment of employees is up to the employee concerned.

            6.5.3. No employee must be down-graded as a result of a RPL.

            6.5.4. Interviews, demonstrations, written tests, portfolios, will be used to assess workers.

            6.5.5. All skills acquired must be paid for, even if they are not being used or applied. (NUMSA)

              • (a) The union triggers the teams

                (b) Work teams have a real say over targets, line speeds etc.

                (c) Team leaders are democratically elected and rotated

                (d) Team leaders canít take disciplinary action, this to remain with management

                (e) The union can take up production issues

                (f) The union can meet with its own members outside of the team

                (g) participation in teams is voluntary

                (h) Shop stewards can address team meetings and union-related issues can be discussed in green areas/team centres

                (i) The team does not have to meet its target if one of its members is absent. (NUMSA)

            • 1. Employers must negotiate with unions on work re-organisation by giving information, and discussing their strategic plans with unions

              2. We must fight for employment security, job creation and resist lowering of manning levels through natural attrition.

              3. Wages and bonuses must be separate.

              4. A company must give 6 months notice of the introduction of new technology. This notice period must be before the decision to purchase the machinery has taken place.

              5. Teamwork is only acceptable if:

          • 6.6.1. The union must intervene both at shop-floor level and at a macro-level where industrial and macro-economic policies are being made. The survival of companies depends not only on shop-floor restructuring but also on a vibrant and interventionist industrial policy. For example, on the policies on the price of raw materials and government support for industrial development. (NUMSA)

            At shop-floor level: (NUMSA)

            6.7.1 All productivity payments must be separate from the base rate.

            6.7.2. All productivity gains must be shared equally. When dividing this equally, comrades at plant level can consider tax implications.

            6.7.3. Productivity must be a matter for negotiation, not consultation. (NUMSA)

        • 6.1 Issues for negotiations

          6.2 Extension of collective bargaining calls for clear dispute resolution mechanism (NUMSA)

          6.3 Workplace forums

          6.4 Training:

          6.5 Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

          6.6 Work re-organisation/shop-floor restructuring:

          6.7 Productivity

      • Competitiveness and new management techniques

        1. We need to be productive, but as a union we reject the ideology and proposals for competitiveness. (NUMSA)

        2. We will oppose any attempt to make us compete against our fellow workers. (NUMSA)

        3. We should reject the new management and production techniques, as they do not lead to genuine worker participation and democratisation of the workplace. (NUMSA)

        4. that instead of focusing on making different companies competitive, as a union we should devise industrial policies that will lead to:

        5. We need industrial policies and industry-wide frameworks to deal with the issues identified below. (NUMSA)

        6. We adopt the following Guidelines on how to deal with elements of the new production and management system (NUMSA)

    • 16.1 Outsourcing

      16.2 Labour Brokers

      16.3 Wages

      16.4 Training and skill development

      16.5 Scab Labour

      16.6 Labour legislation

      16.7 Women and the Basic Conditions of Employment Bill

      16.8 Women in the Workplace

      16.9 Wage Equity

      16.10 Women globally

      16.11 Sexual Harassment

      16.12 Wage Accord & Policy

      16.13 Affirmative Action

      16.14 Health and Safety

      16.15 Child Labour

      16.16 Workplace Democracy

  1. Broad Macro-Economic Framework and GEAR
  2. 1. View 1: on Gear: The current macro-economic policy of the government should not be totally rejected. Whilst we note areas of disagreement we need to take in cognisance the fact that the climate for foreign investment must be conducive. In order that South Africa is not also rejected by the international community that played a pivotal role in our struggle. (SARHWU)

    2. COSATU should isolate problematic elements of GEAR to contest them in the summit. COSATU should before the summit commission NALEDI to start working on the document now in preparation for our policy conference in 1998. (SARHWU)

    3. An alliance summit should be convened to map out the socio-economic policy direction of the country, which should guide the ANC government. (SARHWU)

    4. View 2: on Gear. COSATU rejects GEAR as an economic strategy appropriate for RDP framework and implementation. (CAWU, SACTWU, PPWAWU, SADTU, CWIU, SAAPAWU, NUMSA, NUM, NEHAWU)

    5. View 3: on Gear: COSATU calls on the ANC to abandon GEAR with immediate effect (CWIU)

    6. COSATU to embark on a campaign which involves civic, youth, student, women and other working class organisations to resist all elements of GEAR such as subsidy cuts, privatisation, labour market flexibility, etc. (CWIU)

    7. COSATU convenes a conference in early 1998, as part of a process to develop, in consultation with other working class organisations, an alternative economic model to GEAR which seeks to advance COSATUís stated commitment to socialism. (CWIU)

    Additional points

  3. RDP Implementation and Masakhane
  4. 1. We are committed to the objectives of the RDP. We have noted that we have failed to implement this resolution particularly the funding of the RDP. We reiterate that we should strive for its implementation. (SARHWU)

    2. There will be a need to review our approach to the RDP. To effect meaning to it COSATU should further identify areas within the RDP document that can be achieved in the short and long term so that we can take struggle around those issues. (SARHWU)

    3. COSATU reaffirm its support of the RDP and continues to mobilise the Alliance to put its whole weight behind its implementation. (SAAPAWU)

    4. As a practical way of implementing the RDP the congress should pronounce on the contribution by both the workers and the employers. (SAAPAWU)

    5. We call upon all COSATU unions to contribute 10% (CWIU) of their Pension / Provident / Retirement Fund investments to RDP related projects, i.e., infrastructure, housing, which may yield lower interest rates. (CWIU / PPWAWU)

    6. View 1: COSATU through its affiliates should contribute R1,00 per annum per member to an RDP Fund for a period of three (3) years (CWIU)

    View 2: Mobilise all COSATU members to work on the 27 April 1998. The production output of the day to be contributed to the Reconstruction Fund. This to be done on annual basis. (PPWAWU)

    7. COSATU as a matter of urgency establish the National Reconstruction Fund, where all contributions by members, employers and other organisations will be kept and administered. (CWIU / PPWAWU)

    8. Campaign for an economic strategy that will implement the objectives of the RDP, including the rejection of privatisation in favour of nationalisation and re-nationalisation in order to ensure delivery. (CWIU)

    9. To engage the alliance in a programme that re-asserts the RDP as a guiding policy for economic growth and development. (CWIU)

    10. Campaign for an economic strategy that will implement the objectives of the RDP, including the rejection of privatisation in favour of nationalisation and re-nationalisation in order to ensure delivery. (CWIU)

    11. To educate people about Masakhane Campaign and what it means. (CAWU / PPWAWU)

    12. To mobilise communities behind Masakhane Campaign. (CAWU)

    13. To assist our local government in delivering services to communities. (CAWU)

    14. To encourage all COSATU members to participate in the Masakhane Committee as community members and workers. (CAWU)

  5. Privatisation
  6. View 1: This federation continues to oppose wholesale privatisation of state assets. A campaign against privatisation be embarked upon. COSATU rejects privatisation as the single answer to the problems of state assets (SADTU / NUMSA)

    2. View 2: We implacably oppose the governmentís privatisation policies or whatever it may be called and re-affirm our commitment towards the provision of all basic needs of our people through the state and state intervention. for a moratorium on privatisation. (CWIU / SAMWU)

  7. Government Debt
  8. 1. View 1: The new government took over a corrupt state which had plunged the country in a financial crisis both domestically and internationally. The financial crisis has manifested itself into a national debt. We believe that the new government is not obliged to pay the debt which was not incurred by it. The continued servicing of the debt has major socio-economic implications for the country such as the inability to address the spiral of unemployment and underemployment. (SADTU)

    2. View 2: We reject the obsession around the deficit and the strategy to service it, because it places serious constraints on the development of communities and the delivery of basic needs. (NUMSA)

  9. EPZ, SDI, IDZ
  10. 1. COSATU remains opposed to EPZs etc as they downgrade labour standards. We should vigorously oppose attempts by business and government to establish Export Processing Zones. (SACTWU)

    2. COSATU in all regions should oppose the attempts by Provincial Governments to have Export Processing Zones as part of their economic development agenda. (SACTWU)

    3. COSATU should campaign for any discussions on Export Processing Zones to be part of the NEDLAC agenda; provinces should not have the right to form Export Processing Zones. Workers, shop stewards and the public should be informed about the dangers of having Export Processing Zones. (SACTWU)

    4. In engaging those who propagate the concept, the following principles underpin our engagement:

  11. Corporate Governance
  12. We reject participation in corporate governance i.e. participation on company boards. The agenda/interests of employers is not the same as the agenda/interests of workers. In public enterprises our agenda must be to look at how we transform those companies from the bottom right to the top. (NUMSA)

  13. Social Accord
  14. 1. COSATU will negotiate with Government around economic policy on two principal aspects. If these two principles cannot be achieved within the Government`s Macro-economic parameters then we do not accept those parameters. (NUMSA)

    2. These two principles are:

    3. Should this engagement mean the signing of an Accord between Business, Government and Labour such an Accord will only be agreed to if the Accord would advance the achievement of the objectives outline in point 12 above. Elements of this Accord would have to cover the following, amongst others:

    4. If Government fails to engage with us on the basis of these two principles in point 2 above, then COSATU will find creative ways of engagement including mass mobilisation around specific areas to force Government to move from its restrictive fiscal approach to a redistributive and caring fiscal policy. (NUMSA)

    5. We must argue for employment growth through interventionist industry and trade policy in the long term and a safety net of universal welfare, because we are genuinely concerned for a broader constituency than formal sector workers. This is very important because each year our bargaining processes increasingly privatise the health and retirement systems of the country. If the Government sold some of its non-essential assets, the proceeds could provide the capital for nationalising the health care system and extending public transport. (NUMSA)

  15. Public Works Programmes
  16. 1. These should be negotiated in NEDLAC but with the involvement of unions organising the various sectors. (NUMSA)

  17. Fisheries
  18. 1. The National Congress of COSATU rejects the white paper on sea fisheries policy produced by the Department of Environmental Affairs. (FAWU)

    2. COSATU will work with the Alliance and International bodies in particular the International Transport Federation - (ITF) in developing a progressive policy that will address the RDP principles and recommendations raised by the International Development Research Centre. (FAWU)

    3. COSATU accepts the critique discussion document produced by FAWU as the framework document to develop its submission to governmentís white paper on fisheries. (FAWU)

    4. Amnesty should be addressed as a matter of priority even before the finalisation of the debates on the white paper. (FAWU)

    5. Interim relief should be put in place for all affected people. FAWU)

    6. The following should be our programme of action:

  19. Food Security
  20. 1. COSATU establishes a task-team to develop a food security policy proposal that is in line with the broad principles as contained in the RDP and in line with the vision of "a better life for all". (FAWU)

    2. That this food security policy proposal shall contain as its other central theme the establishment of a social security net that ensures that no one goes hungry and will revive schemes such as school feeding schemes. (FAWU)

    3. That a living wage demand and campaign serve as the basis and be part of food security issues that will ensure that the buying power of disposable/real wage on food products is increased. (FAWU)

    4. To propose a legislation to be put in placed in which companies are forced to donate perishable and other food items instead of dumping these as part of their strategy to restore the prices of these products. (FAWU)

    5. To meaningfully engage the tripartite alliance and attempt to secure an alliance policy position on food security. To also engage other organs of civil society that broadly belong to the democratic movement. (FAWU)

    6. That COSATU embarks on a campaign (in line with the world food summit of Rome) to mobilise broad social support in forcing the government to take into account policy proposals before the ultimate cabinet approval of food security policy which must address poverty. (FAWU)

  21. Land Reform and Development
  22. 1. Land reform should promote small and medium size farmers. (NUMSA)

    2. Farm workers must be allowed farming and grazing rights. (NUMSA)

    3. There is a need for a conference on rural development involving unions and non governmental organisations. Critical to this conference would be to look at

  23. Rural Development
  24. 1. COSATU should encourage professional teachers, nurses, doctors etc. to move to the rural areas to provide for the necessary education and health care facilities and other vital services / services in general. Some form of incentive for all those who will be progressive and heed this call should be formulated through the Alliance by the government. (SAAPAWU)

    2. COSATU should campaign for the beneficiation of our products and the creation of clusters in the rural areas so as to avoid wastes of our raw materials. (SAAPAWU)

    3. A percentage of the total urban economy (GDP) should be ploughed back to the rural areas, which produce raw materials, for the Rural Development Programme and to provide the necessary infrastructure like roads, hospitals/health centres and schools. Most of this should be earmarked for human resource development through Basic Education and Training. (SAAPAWU)

    4. COSATU together with the Alliance should encourage and support, materially and otherwise, the initiatives to establish a Rural Social Movement which shall be based on our basic principles of democracy. This movement should drive the programme of both economic and human resource development. (SAAPAWU)

  25. Industrial and Trade Policy
  26. 13.1. Building an Overall Framework for Industry and Trade Policy

    13.2 Tariff reduction and Trade barriers

    13.3 Investment strategies

    13.4 SMMEs

    13.5 Black Business

    13.6 Cluster studies

    13.7 Pricing of raw materials

    13.8 Investment Incentives

    13.9 Competition Policy

    13.10 State Procurement Policy (NUMSA)

  27. Fiscal Policy
  28. 14.1 Customs and Excise (NUMSA)

    1. We are experiencing job losses through illegal goods entering our markets and the dumping of goods on our markets. These institutions are still managed by corrupt officials from the old guard. (NUMSA)

    2. We therefore call for the restructuring of these institutions to reflect the population and conform to the need of our economy. (NUMSA)

    3. We also call for the replacement of corrupt officials and the setting up of a monitoring structure with labour representatives. (NUMSA)

    4. Structures in government e.g. BTT must be strengthened to ensure proper monitoring of dumping and reporting to the WTO to ensure that it does not take place. (NUMSA)

    14.2 Tax

    1. COSATU believes that the tax system is still highly inequitable. (NUMSA)

    2. Demands for the reduction in corporate taxes are based on the false assumption that South African companies actually pay high rates of tax. (NUMSA)

    3. COSATU calls for a thorough ongoing review of the taxation system based on the following principles:

    4. Should there be no serious attempt to redress the inequities of the tax system then COSATU calls for a major campaign of all civil society bodies and the alliance on tax. (NUMSA)

    5. We support the proposal by Government that any SMME which obtains a contract in the public sector must be registered with the Receiver of Revenue. (NUMSA)

    6. We urge investigations into how a health card which would give access to basic health services and would be accompanied by proof of lodgement of tax returns, or the registration with the Receiver of Revenue as earning insufficient to pay tax, could assist with widening the net of tax revenue. (NUMSA)

    7. To campaign for a review of tax policies in order to increase its progressivity, in particular through :

  29. Monetary Policy
  30. 1. We note the importance of monetary policy as an instrument to drive economic policies and delivery of social services. (NUMSA)

    2. We reject GEARís provisions as:

    3. Reserve Bank

  31. Labour Market Policy
  32. 1. We reject the governmentís and businessí proposals on Labour Market Policy as they advance:

    2. We believe that Labour Market Policy should:

  33. Funding of Public Education
  34. 1. That the federation ensure adequate funding of public education by the government

    2. That a campaign be embarked upon by the federation where reasonably possible to ensure that public education is not undermined

  35. Jobs Summit
  36. 1. We welcome the Job Summit initiative. (NUMSA)

    2. All parties should make their agendas public for the job summit. (NUMSA)

    3. All parties involved in the Summit should openly declare their willingness to review the economic policy and explore on the content and where possible look for alternatives. (NUMSA)

    4. There should be an Alliance Summit before the Job Summit where the Alliance partners should look at the content and agree on an approach. (NUMSA)

  37. Union Investment (CWIU)
  38. 1. To campaign vigorously for independence from capital and to oppose investment companies and all forms of co-option (CWIU)

    2. To oppose the establishment of investment companies. (CWIU)

    3. To call for COSATU to invest its resources in socially useful projects that will lead to the rise in the living standards of life for the deprived communities. (CWIU)

    4. To make sure that the poor and working class will benefit collectively from such investments by the union. (CWIU)

    5. Such socially useful investments can take the form of making money available from our Provident Funds for building houses, clinics and other necessary infrastructure. The majority of Provident Funds money should be invested in government bonds and enabling legislation to this effect must take place, this should include tax incentives for such investments. (CWIU)

    6. To make sure that the above is possible, COSATU must fight for the control of the Provident Funds. (CWIU)

  39. NEDLAC